Pathophysiology: Viral gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection where inflammation of the stomach and intestines occur from a virus. It is also known as “stomach flu”. This infection may lead to watery diarrhoea, abdominal cramps, nausea or vomiting, and fever. It occurs by contact with a diseased person or by intake of contaminated food or water.Clinicians have categorized it into: Sporadic gastroenteritis, Epidemic gastroenteritis (food-borne or water-borne pathogens), and Acute gastroenteritis.
Disease Statistics: According to study of 2012 in children under the age of 5, it was observed that norovirus gastroenteritis was less severe than rotavirus disease. Norovirus infection was found in 35/242 (14.5%) patients and 5 (2.1%) children as co-infection with rotavirus. In a study of 2015, it was found that children aged less than 2 years were those most frequently affected.
Treatment: Viral gastroenteritis is diagnosed by physical exam such as stool sample to test for virus. There are no specific medical treatments and initially it involves lot of self-care measures. Antibiotics aren’t effective against viruses. The illness may be due to parasitic or bacterial infection. Primary goal is to prevent dehydration by providing enough water and fluids to the diseased body. Food is offered in small amounts. In case of small children, food is supplied intravenously.
Research: The research study was conducted by Medical University of Bialystok, University Children's Hospital, Waszyngtona and St. Lukas Provincial Hospital in Tarnów. Medical University of Bialystok financially supported the study.