Vulvar cancer is a sporadic type of cancer which forms in a woman's external genitals, called the vulva. The cancer habitually grows slowly over several years. Firstly, precancerous cells grow on vulvar skin. This is called vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN), or dysplasia. Not all VIN cases turn into cancer, but it is best to treat it early. There are different types of vulvar cancer i.e Squamous cell carcinomas, Adenocarcinoma, Melanoma, Sarcoma, Basal cell carcinoma.
Disease Statistics: Between 2010 and 2015, 180 patients with vulvar cancer were treated in the Great Poland Cancer Center. 10 of them were irradiated earlier for inoperable cervical cancer. Median age of patients with second cancer was 61.2 years old, ranging from 52 to 77 years. Period between occurrence of both tumors ranged from 4 months to 36 years (median--14 years and 4 month)
Treatment: Depending on the nature and stage of the vulvar cancer, a person may need one type of treatment. The 3 main types of treatment used for patients with vulvar cancer are
• Surgery can be Laser surgery, Excision, Vulvectomy
• Radiation therapy
Research: Researcher study for the ethical and safety reasons, experimental treatments must be tested in the laboratory before they can be tried in patients. Second vulvar cancer can develop at different times after recognizing of the first. Long-term careful clinical controlling of groups of patients treated for cervical cancer is necessary. 2. In 6 cases (60.0%) patients were treated successfully by surgery.