alexa A Mass Spectrometry Perspective On Dormancy And Antibiotic Tolerance In Bacteria
ISSN: 2157-7064

Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 

4th World Congress on MASS SPECTROMETRY
June 19-21, 2017 London, UK

Steven J Bark
University of Houston, USA
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Chromatogr Sep Tech
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7064-C1-025
Abstract
Dormancy is a protective state where diverse bacteria including M. tuberculosis, S. aureus, T. pallidum (syphilis), and B. burgdorferi (Lyme Disease) curtail metabolic activity to survive severe external stresses including antibiotics. Dormancy appears to consist of a continuum of interrelated states including viable but nonculturable (VBNC) and persistence states implicated in antibiotic tolerance, reemergence from latent infections, and even quorum sensing and biofilm formation. To eliminate dormancy as a mechanism for antibiotic tolerance, we must bridge a critical gap in current knowledge; our limited understanding of the protein mechanisms regulating persistence and VBNC dormancy states. To elucidate some of these mechanisms, we have queried the VBNC state of Micrococcus luteus NCTC 2665 (MI-2665) by quantitative proteomics combining gel electrophoresis, HPLC and tandem mass spectrometry. MI- 2665 is well suited for these studies being a non-pathogenic actinobacterium containing a small 2.5 Mb, high GC-content genome and exhibiting a well-defined VBNC state induced by nutrient deprivation. The MI-2665 VBNC state demonstrated a loss of protein diversity accompanied by upregulation of 18 proteins that are conserved across Actinobacteria, of which 14 have not been previously identified. In this talk, I will discuss these proteins and their implication of an anaplerotic strategy in VBNC transition exploiting the glyoxylate shunt, redox and amino acid metabolism, and ribosomal regulation. These results indicate a VBNC protein-level signature and suggest the viability of MI-2665 as model for dissecting the protein mechanisms underlying this stress response. I will also discuss the broader implications of our results for understanding protein regulation of dormancy and for therapeutic targeting of dormant bacterial infections.
Biography

Steven J. Bark obtained his Ph.D. from The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) with Professor Stephen B.H. Kent. He has served as the Director of the Center for Protein Sciences at TSRI before joining University of California San Diego as an Associate Project Scientist, Adjunct Assistant Professor, and Member of the Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute. Dr. Bark is currently an Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology and Biochemistry at University of Houston. His research program applies mass spectrometry, analytical chemistry, and systems biology to understand how dormancy stress responses regulate bacterial pathogenesis and evasion of antibiotics.

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords