alexa A Unique Network Involving CXCR4 And CXCR7 Coordinates Cardiac Lineage Specification And Mobilization Of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
ISSN: 2157-7013

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy
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8th World Congress and Expo on Cell & Stem Cell Research
March 20-22, 2017 Orlando, USA

Sima T Tarzami
Howard University College of Medicine, USA
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Cell Sci Ther
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7013.C1.039
Abstract
An adult heart has an intrinsically limited capability to regenerate damaged myocardium. Human embryonic and induced pluripotent stem cell (hESC/hiPSC)-based therapies offer a unique strategy for developing cell replacement treatments for numerous disorders including cardiac diseases. The present study identifies a unique signaling network, SDF-1/CXCR4/CXCR7, that regulates cardiac lineage differentiation and migration in human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). The fact that SDF- 1 binds to CXCR4 and CXCR7 raises a concern on how to distinguish the potential contribution of the SDF-1/CXCR7 pathway from SDF-1/CXCR4 pathway in all the processes that were previously attributed to SDF-1/CXCR4. Therefore, we set these studies to disseminate the role of the SDF-1/CXCR4/CXCR7 network in cardiogenic lineage differentiation and migration of hiPSCs with the premise that their improved recruitment could translate into therapeutic benefits. Using lentiviral vectors to ablate CXCR4 and/ or CXCR7 expression, hiPSC-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) were tested for phenotypic and functional properties due to gene knockdown. Gene expression confirmed cardiomyocyte phenotype of differentiated hiPSCs, although reduction of CXCR4 and CXCR7 expression resulted in delayed cardiac phenotype. Only knockdown of CXCR4 reduced the spontaneous beating of hiPSCCMs. Knockdown of CXCR4 and CXCR7 differentially altered calcium transients and β-adrenergic response in hiPSC-CMs. In engineered cardiac tissues, depletion of CXCR4 or CXCR7 had opposing effects on developed force. The transendothelial migration response to SDF-1 was suppressed by knockdown of either CXCR4 or CXCR7. In contrast, in a trans-well chemotaxis assay, only depletion of CXCR4 reduced hiPSC migration in response to SDF-1 indicating that both CXCR4 and CXCR7 have distinct roles in the SDF-1/CXCR4/CXCR7 axis as network coordinators of cardiogenic induction and mobilization of hiPSCs. We contend that gaining further insight into the molecular nuances of this phenomenon will provide new insights for optimization of the cardiac repair potential of cell-based therapies.
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