alexa Active Botanical Biofiltration Implementation For Air Pollution Mitigation
ISSN: 2375-4397

Journal of Pollution Effects & Control
Open Access

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Annual Congress on Environmental Pollution and Sustainable Energy
July 20-22, 2017 Melbourne, Australia

Naomi J Paull, Peter J Irga and Fraser R Torpy
University of Technology, Australia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Pollut Eff Cont
DOI: 10.4172/2375-4397-C1-006
Abstract
Statement of the Problem: Air pollution is an international problem having adverse effects on human and environmental health. For developed countries, it has been estimated that outdoor air pollution results in a health care and associated costs burden of US$828 trillion annually with just under US$90 trillion associated with indoor air pollution. Whilst physiochemical methods of indoor air pollution control are effective in the short term, they have many disadvantages including high energy use, expensive installation, regular maintenance, a variable capacity to remove CO2, VOC and O3 emission and an inability to remove all gaseous pollutants at once. Botanical biofiltration is becoming a popular alternative method for air pollution mitigation with many associated benefits. However, research regarding the efficiency of active indoor botanical biofilters is currently insufficient. The purpose of this study was to determine the air filtering ability of an active botanical biofilter and to test the botanical health from high pollutant exposure. Methodology & Theoretical Orientation: Chamber studies were conducted for CO2 and PM removal efficiency at different air flow rates. Biochemical, physiological and morphological plant health tests were conducted on 8 ornamental species prior to and at the conclusion of a 5 week elevated pollutant exposure period. Findings: Active botanical biofilters displayed an ability to reduce both CO2 and PM levels. PM removal increased with increasing air flow rate, whilst having a negligible effect on CO2 removal. All tested ornamental species exhibited an ability to tolerate the high pollutant exposure; however, F. lyrata was the most tolerant. Conclusion & Significance: Pollutant removal can be increased from the use of an active botanical biofilter system. Plant species tolerance to pollution varies, highlighting the need for careful selection of tolerant species such as F. lyrata for system use in high pollution environments.
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