alexa An Economic Analysis Of Arecanut And Pepper Cropping System In Karnataka
ISSN: 2168-9881

Agrotechnology
Open Access

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3rd International Conference on Agriculture & Horticulture
October 27-29, 2014 Hyderabad International Convention Centre, India

S S Guledgudda and K Pravinkumar
Accepted Abstracts: Agrotechnol
DOI: 10.4172/2168-9881.S1.013
Abstract
The present study was conducted to estimate the cost and returns of arecanut + pepper mixed crop cultivation under organic and inorganic methods in Uttara Kannada District. In organic orchards, the per hectare total annual maintenance cost of arecanut + pepper mixed cropping orchards under organic and inorganic methods was Rs.1,27,135.05 and Rs. 1,45,031.52, respectively of which labour component accounted for 26.28 and 29.77 per cent, respectively in that order. It was observed that amortized establishment cost was more in case of cultivation under inorganic system than that of organically cultivated arecanut and pepper. This might be due to higher establishment cost. In the study area the per hectare average yield of arecanut and pepper from arecanut + pepper mixed cropping orchards obtained was more in case of inorganic orchards (arecanut 21.96 qtls/ha and pepper 2.31 qtls/ha) than that of organic orchards (arecanut 19.94 qtls/ha and pepper 2.08 qtls/ha). It might be due to higher doses of fertilizer and plant protection chemicals application by inorganic orchard farmers. The per hectare gross returns realized was found to be higher in case of organic orchard than that of inorganic orchards. This marginal difference in returns could be attributed to the higher price realization for organic pepper by selling to the organic agencies and health conscious consumers. It was also found that the average annual maintenance cost per hectare incurred by organic farmers was lower. The lower cost coupled with higher returns realized by the organic farmers resulted in higher net returns for organic orchards than that of inorganic orchards. The per hectare maintenance cost of arecanut + pepper mixed cropping orchards under organic method was found to be lower as compared to inorganic methods. Though, initially low yield levels are compensated by higher premium prices coupled with higher net returns and produce fetches more demand under organic farming system. Hence, the farmers are advised to produce more and more arecanut and pepper organically. As per the farmers opinion, the organic farming practices leads to improvement in soil health, it is environment friendly and further, it leads to production of quality pepper at a lower cost and hence, the farmers should be motivated to cultivate pepper under organic methods to the larger extent on a commercial scale.
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