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An Introduction To Vaccine Legal Exemptions In The United States | 3323
ISSN: 2155-9899

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
Open Access

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An introduction to vaccine legal exemptions in the United States

Alan Phillips J.D.

: J Vaccines Vaccin

Over recent decades, a continually growing number of vaccines have been added to mandatory vaccine schedules, and more recently, new categories of people have been the subject of vaccine mandates. In the U.S., there are over a dozen different contexts in which vaccines are required, including school enrollment, immigration, military, employees, and multiple subcategories of each of these broader categories. In each context and subcategory, one or more legal exemptions are available that enable at least some people to legally refuse mandatory immunizations. While there is some overlap of rights among the different contexts generally, precise rights can vary from context to context and individual situation to individual situation. In addition, rights are rapidly changing over time as laws in various jurisdictions are changing. This talk will introduce the different vaccine exemption contexts, the different types of exemptions, some of the legal issues and differences between these different contexts and subcategories, and recent legislative changes and trends in the vaccine rights arena. As we continue to move forward as an increasingly vaccinated population, it is important to note not only what impact vaccine policy is having on us medically and scientifically, but also what the implications and issues are legally. (This talk will not discuss vaccine injury legal issues.)
Alan Phillips, J.D. of Chapel Hill, North Carolina is a leading U.S. vaccine rights attorney. He regularly advises individuals, families, attorneys, groups and organizations around the U.S. on vaccine exemption and waiver rights and vaccine legislative issues. He makes regular radio appearances and is a featured writer on several alternative and complementary health websites. He authored the e-book, ?The Authoritative Guide to Vaccine Legal Exemptions,? the only authoritative publication on this topic. One of Alan?s early vaccine (lay) research articles was utilized in medical school classroom instruction in the U.S. and Italy, and by a homeopathic college in England.