An Overview Of Biofuel Production In India: Scope And Future Goal | 67804
Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
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India the second most populated country after China is one of the largest emitter of greenhouse gases (GHG). Transport sector
of India accounts to 13 percent energy-related carbon-dioxide emissions. However, the ever-expanding transport sector can
become more eco-friendly and sustainable by channeling the climate change agendas through cutting edge biotechnological
research. The transport emissions and demand of gasoline can be reduced by adopting a sustainability approach, which includes
long term goals such as increased use of public transport, higher production of biofuel, and improved vehicle efficiency.
The current policy scenarios illustrates that in the next two decades India’s primary energy demand will double, from 750
Mtoe in 2011 to 1469 Mtoe in 2030. In this perspective, biofuels are emerging as the most promising alternative options to
conventional fuels, as they can be produced locally, and can substitute diesel or gasoline to meet the transportation sector’s
energy requirements. Specifically second generation biofuel could have positive implications for national energy security, local
air quality and GHG mitigation, employment generation and rural development. The present work highlights the current
status and potential of biofuel in India, identifies key challenges in achieving the country’s biofuel targets, and analyses their
role in India’s long-term transport scenarios. IIT Kharagpur engaged in lignocellulosic biofuel production utilizing non-edible
lignocellulosic biomass. The entire 2G biofuel production process is cost effective enzymatic venture where in-house enzymes
are being produced from the new isolates from local habitat and thus, is devoid of any chemical use that makes the process
eco-friendly and sustainable in nature with the integrated approach of bio-refinery having improved yield of bioethanol,
biomethane and biobutanol.
Rintu Banerjee, Ex-MNRE- Chair-Professor, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur has created a niche of her own in the area of Biomass Deconstruction/Biofuel Production/ Enzyme Technology. In the process of her innovative development, she was granted with 8 Indian, 3 international (US, Japanese and Chinese) patents. She has published more than 150 papers in peer-reviewed national/international journals, guided 27 (17 continuing) PhDs, 3 MS, 71 (3 continuing) MTechs and 50 (2 continuing) BTechs. She is the editorial member of many journals. She has written 24 book chapters and authored a book on “Environmental Biotechnology” published by Oxford University Press. She is recipient of various awards/honours given by both government/non-government organizations.