alexa Analysis Of Dose Of Fast Food Consumption As Risk Factor Of Childhood Obesity In Yogyakarta, Indonesia
ISSN: 2155-9600

Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
Open Access

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10th World Congress on Nutrition & Food Sciences
May 29-31, 2017 Osaka, Japan

Esti Nurwanti, Hamam Hadi and Madarina Julia
Alma Ata Center for Healthy Life and Food (ACHEAF), Indonesia
Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Nutr Food Sci
DOI: 10.4172/2155-9600-C1-045
Abstract
Background: The childhood obesity has been an epidemic in both developed and developing countries including Indonesia. Whether exposure to fast food consumption is associated with the increased obesity prevalence in Indonesian school children remains unclear. Objective: To examine dose energy, saturated fat, and sodium from fast food as risk factors of obesity in Indonesian elementary school children. Design: A case-control study of 244 obese and 244 non obese children was conducted in Yogyakarta municipality in 2012. Cases were elementary school children with body mass index/age > 95th percentile identified in previous survey. Controls were children from the same class and seating at the right side nearest to the cases. Weight and standing height were noted by trained nutritionists. Data on fast food consumption were obtained by semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Body mass index of the study subjects were computed using WHO Anthro2005 software. Statistical analysis was done using STATA 11th edition software. Result: Elementary school children who ate energy from fast food >1500 Kcal/day (OR=3.24) and saturated fat from fast food > 30 g/ day (OR=6.32) more likely to be obese. Sodium from fast food intake > 1500 mg/day also have significant result to increase obesity risk in children (OR=2.08), but the result is not consistent. Conclusion: Energy, saturated fat, and sodium from fast food were proven to be significantly associated with the increased risk of obesity in Indonesian elementary school children.
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