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The increasing population in Tripoli and its surroundings has placed an increase in the demand of groundwater and the
random drilling of wells. This situation has resulted in a higher demand of groundwater and thus endangered the Miocene
limestone aquifer that will cause problems unless serious steps for the management of water resources are implemented. These
steps should include defining stringent characterization of the properties of the aquifer in order to properly manage the quality
and quantity of pumped water. Our aim in this study is to analyze the hydrochemical, hydrophysical quality, and water level of
groundwater of the Miocene aquifer in the North of Lebanon. The results have shown that the dominant type of groundwater in the
area is highly chlorinated with sulfated calcium and magnesiumwith heavily charged Nitrate and Nitrite. The spatial distributions
of anions and cations as well as electrical conductivity obey an increasing pattern westwards towards the Mediterranean Sea.
Due to the high concentrations of SO4
2−, Cl−, Mg+ and Ca2+, NO2
−, and the presence of bacteriological contamination (E. Coli,
Coliform, Salmonella) and some ions with higher concentration than the maximum allowable levels and, not all of the 65 water
sampled in wet and dry seasons are categorized in suitable ranges for drinking use. During the last decades, illegal groundwater
pumping mainly fordomestic and agricultural usehascaused groundwater quality degradation due to saline water intrusion from
western areas (Tripoli and Mina area). In order to study the origin and the hydrochemical aspect of groundwater, Phreeq C and
Diagram software were used todetermine the properties of all chemical parameters; as for the static and dynamic water level,
Aquitest software was used. GIS and Surfer software were used to generate maps locating the spatial distribution of all parameters.
The end result was the determination of anthropogenic and naturogenic sources of water contamination and pollution in North
of Lebanon. This is considered as one of the main concerns of the area, but due to the low utilities, budgets, political situation,
and awareness of people, the analysis and sampling were done in very crucial conditions in addition to the lack of studies and
information on the Koura\Zgharta\Tripoli Miocene aquifer.
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