Analytical Aspects And Biomedical Applications Of Selenium Speciation | 67071
Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques
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Analytical challenges of selenium (Se) species determination, using hyphenated techniques, are discussed. Selenium (Se) is
complicated element for the inductively coupled plasma (ICP) based techniques, owing to relatively low sensitivity and abundant
interferences. Since emission lines of Se are insensitive, nearly exclusive mass spectrometry (MS) detection is used for Se speciation
in biological samples. Nevertheless, selenium detection by ICP-MS is considerably less sensitive compared to most elements. This is
due to rather high ionisation potential of Se, its natural isotope distribution and spectral interferences, originating from argon of the
ICP as well as sample bulk elements. Noteworthy, all Se isotopes are interfered to certain extent. A primary isotope 80Se (abundance
49.61%) is totally interfered by argon dimer, whereas the less interfered 77Se has abundance of 7.63% only. Severe interferences for Se
require for the implementation of sector-field MS or using of collision or dynamic reaction cell technologies for Se quantification and
speciation. The best performance, in respect of limits of detection, is obtained for collision or dynamic reaction cells with oxygen/
hydrogen or methane as working gases. Additional analytical complications of Se speciation are related to separation and identification
techniques, since biologically relevant Se-species diverse highly in their chemical nature: inorganic (selenite and selenate), organic,
including seleno amino acids (selenocysteine, selenomethionine), low molecular weight species, specific selenoproteins (selenoprotein
P, glutathione peroxidase, thioredoxin reductase etc.) and non-specific selenised proteins (e.g. selenised human serum albumin). The
main biomedical applications of Se speciation are epidemiologic studies, selenium metabolomics and risk assessments studies.
Nikolay Solovyev completed his PhD at Saint Petersburg State University. He is an Analytical Chemist, and a Lecturer in Analytical Chemistry at Institute of Chemistry, Saint Petersburg State University. He has expertise is in “Clinical elemental analysis, speciation analysis and trace element metabolism”.