Clinical trials often involve patients with specific health conditions who then benefit from receiving otherwise unavailable
treatments. Study subjects typically remain on site at the unit for durations of one to 30 nights, and occasionally longer,
although this is not always the case. Clinical Trial is conducted to gain insights for design of the clinical trial to follow effectiveness
is how well a treatment works in practice and efficacy is how well it works in a clinical trial. The investigators observe the subjects
and measure their outcomes & give the research subjects a particular medicine or other intervention.
Clinical trial protocol: Describes the scientific rationale, objective(s), design, methodology, statistical considerations, and
organization of the planned trial. Protocol contains a precise study plan for executing the clinical trial, not only to assure safety
and health of the trial subjects, but also to provide an exact template for trial conduct by investigators at multiple locations.
Clinical trials involving new drugs are commonly classified into four phases as Phase I, II, III, IV. The drug-development
process will normally proceed through all four phases over many years. If the drug successfully passes through Phases 1, 2, and 3,
it will usually be approved by the national regulatory authority for use in the general population. The protocol contains a precise
study plan for executing the clinical trial, not only to assure safety and health of the trial subjects, but also to provide an exact
template for trial conduct by investigators at multiple locations (in a "multicenter" trial) to perform the study in exactly the same
way. The protocol also gives the study administrators, the site team of physicians, nurses and clinic administrators, a common
reference document for site responsibilities during the trial.
Clinical data management system: CDMS is a tool used in clinical research to manage the data of a clinical trial. The clinical
trial data gathered at the investigator site in the Case Report Form are stored in the CDMS. To reduce the possibility of errors due
to human entry, the systems employ various means to verify the data. The most popular method being double data entry where
two different data entry operators enter the data in the system independently and both the entries are compared by the system.
CDMS can perform is the coding of data. Currently, the coding is generally centered around two areas ? adverse event terms and
medication names.The system can check the data in the CDMS and compare them to the dictionaries. Items that do not match
can be flagged for further checking. Some systems allow for the storage of synonyms to allow the system to match common
abbreviations and map them to the correct term.
K Ramesh Kumar has Completed M.Sc. Biochemistry from Osmania University with 72% in the year 2011,I have done project in Preparation of anti
human IgG-HRP conjugate and its use in ELISA and western blot. Participated in the poster presentation and quiz at the two day national seminar
on ?Emerging trends in science.? Organized by NIN Hyderabad. I have participated in poster presentation in ?Two-day workshop on immunological
and biochemical techniques? organized by the department of bio chemistry.
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