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|Khaldi A, Meddah, Band Moussaoui, A|
|Laboratory of valorization of vegetal Resource and Food Security in Semi-Arid Areas, South West of Algeria, BP 417, University of Tahri Mohamed Bechar, Algeria.
Laboratory of Bioconversion, microbiological engineering and safety health, University of Mascara, 29000 Mascara, Algeria
|Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Pharmaceut Reg Affairs|
|This work studies the antifungal capacity of the essential oil of spontaneous aromatic plant with vocation medicinal used in the traditional treatments in the South-West of Algeria: Artemisia campestris L. The local plant tested gives a good essential oil yield (0.37%). The physico-chemical analysis of the essential oil of this plant specie has enables to us to even characterize to identify our oil. Antifungal activity of the essential oil was studied witch respect to seven fungal strains with various concentrations. The results of direct contact method show that the oil of Artemisia campestris L. is proven very effective on the mycelial growth of the moulds. All strains were inhibited at concentration as weak as 1/70 (v/v), Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. albedinis and Penicilluim expansum were most sensitive, being inhibited as from 1/800 (v/v) and 1/500 (v/v) respectively. This essential oil has a fungistatic effect. In addition to the growth of the mycelium, the essential oil of plant showed, in vitro, a antifungal activity at least important on the two other developmental stages, germination and the sporulation, of all fungi . All strains were inhibited at concentration as weak as 1/100 (v/v). Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. albedinis was most sensitive, being inhibited as from 1/1500 (v/v).|
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