alexa Aprepitant For Prevention Of Chemotherapyinduced Nausea And Vomiting (CINV) In Adults: A Metaanalysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs)
ISSN: 1948-5956

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

4th World Congress on Cancer Science & Therapy
October 20-22, 2014 DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel Chicago-North Shore Conference Center, USA

Neha Gupta, Hassan Hatoum, Omar Al Ustwani, Pongwut Danchaivijitr, Katy Wang and Roberto Pili
Posters: J Cancer Sci Ther
DOI: 10.4172/1948-5956.S1.034
Abstract
Background: Various RCTs have shown improved outcomes with addition of aprepitant to standard antiemetic treatment (SAT) in preventing CINV. We conducted a metaanalysis to study the overall impact of ACR in CINV prevention in adults. Methods: We searched Pubmed and Ovid databases, and American Society of Clinical Oncology meetings abstracts for RCTs using ACR with SAT for CINV prevention in adult cancer patients (pts). Major study end points were complete response to treatment (CR; defined as no emesis and no use of rescue medications) in overall phase (OP; 0120 hours of chemotherapy), acute phase (AP; 024 hours) and delayed phase (DP; 24120 hours). Additionally, we assessed the control of nausea and toxicity profile (TP). Stouffer?s Zscore method was used to calculate the overall effect. Results: 16 RCTs (5,547 pts) were included. 11 trials (3,314 pts) involved highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) and 5 trials (2,233 pts) involved moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). ACR increased CR in OP from 47% to 63% (OR=0.52, CI=0.46 to 0.58; p<0.001), in AP from 73% to 81% (p<0.01), and in DP from 51% to 66% (p<0.001). Significant increase in nausea control was seen in DP (p=0.03) but not in OP or AP. Incidence of various toxicities was statistically similar in both groups except slightly higher rate of fatigue (p=0.02) and hiccups (p<0.001), and lower rate of neutropenia (p=0.02) in ACR. Conclusions: ACR is effective in CINV due to both HEC and MEC in adult cancer pts. ACR improves the control of emesis in all phases, and nausea in delayed phase only. With the exception of causing more fatigue & hiccups, and lesser neutropenia, overall TP of ACR is similar to SAT.
Biography
Neha Gupta completed her medical school from Maulana Azad Medical College in India and did a residency in Internal Medicine in State University of New York at Buffalo, New York. She is currently a post-graduate fellow in palliative medicine in New York and actively working in the field of supportive and palliative care. Her major area of interest is supportive care in oncology. She has authored in many peer-reviewed journals and has presented over 20 posters in national and international scientific conferences. She has been an invited lecturer to speak in the field of palliative care, targeted therapy, and leukemia within United States and internationally. She is a member of several national scientific associations, and has received many awards in recognition of her contribution in medicine, palliative care and oncology.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]e.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version