alexa Assessing Prevalence And Risk Factors Of Helicobacter Pylori Infection In The Northwest Region Of Cameroon
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
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7th Euro Global Summit on Clinical Microbiology and Mycotoxins
February 27-28, 2017 Amsterdam, Netherlands

Lem Edith Abongwa and Mimba Elvis
University of Bamenda, Cameroon
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Clin Microbiol
DOI: 10.4172/2327-5073.C1.028
Abstract
Helicobacter pylori remains a public health problem and a major cause of peptic ulcer disease and gastric, with a prevalence of about 70% in developing countries. This study was carried out in Tubah District Hospital in the Northwest region to assess the prevalence and risk factors associated to H. pylori from March to August 2014 with ethical clearance from the institutional ethical board. 400 subjects between 16-73 years were recruited. An open ended questionnaire was administered to capture information on socio-demographic data, risk factors and knowledge. Blood samples were collected and tested for the presence of the parasite using the Pylori test strip. The prevalence of H. pylori in the study population was 240 (60%). There was a significant difference p<0.05 in the prevalence of H. pylori among the age group, gender, occupation, educational level, monthly income and number of occupants in a house. The highest prevalence 112 (82.2%), 186 (75.0%), 160 (66.6%), 96 (40%), 152 (63.3%) and 166 (69.2%) was seen in the age group >34 years, female, students, those who attained primary education, monthly income <50,000 frs CFA and >10 occupant in a house, respectively. The higher proportion 160 (61%) had poor knowledge about the disease (p=0.02). A multivariate analysis showed a positive correlation between sex, age, number of house occupant, knowledge, monthly income and occupation and the prevalence of H. pylori. Although there was no significant difference between the different treatment options most subjects 224 (56%) prefer traditional herbs. Data from this study showed that gender, age, number of house occupant, knowledge, monthly income and occupation are risk factors of H. pylori.
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