Assessment Of The Level Of Knowledge About Breast Cancer And Related Symptoms, Screening And Treatment | 53478
Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy
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Aim: Breast cancer is the most common cancer for female in Saudi. According to National Campaign for Breast Cancer
Awareness, the majority of patient in our country present at early age and late stage of breast cancer. As the only way to prevent
the progression of breast cancer is the early detection of breast cancer. We conducted study to assess the knowledge about
breast cancer and breast self-examination and knowledge about breast cancer treatment and its side effect among female lived
in Riyadh. We analyzed the knowledge about breast cancer and breast self-examination with the demographic variable. We
compared between the knowledge of the breast cancer treatment and its side effect for the women diagnosed or had family
history of breast cancer with those who had not.
Methods: It is a cross-sectional study targeted Saudi female who lived in Riyadh and their age range from 18-60 years old in
order to assess the knowledge about breast cancer and breast self-examination and knowledge about breast cancer treatment
and its side effect by distribution of self-administered questionnaire.
Results: Out of 500 participants, 395 were 18-40 years old , 57.9% (278) had university degree and 42.7% of participants had
monthly income from 5000-10000 SR. 17.9% (86) had family history of breast cancer while only 5.6% (27) diagnosed with
breast cancer. Regarding the knowledge about breast cancer symptoms, 84.8% (407) of our participant recognized that breast
lump was one of breast cancer symptoms. For the knowledge of breast self-examination (BSE), 57.3% (275) knew how to
perform BSE, while 41.7% (200) performed it monthly. The knowledge of breast cancer symptoms and BSE was significantly
associated with level of education and monthly income of participant while the practice of BSE was only related with level of
education regarding the knowledge about side effects of different methods used in breast cancer treatment between groups
who have been diagnosed with breast cancer or had family history with it and another group who hadn’t. About mastectomy,
both groups agreed that change in body image was the most undesirable side effect by 62.7% and 55.6 % respectively. While in
chemotherapy, hair loss was the most undesirable side effect in both groups (52.9 % and 47.9 %). Moreover 42.2% and 36.8%
believed that skin ulcers were the most unwanted side effect of radiation therapy. It was also observed that 63.7% and 69.3% of
respondents from both groups agreed that cervical cancer was the most undesirable side effect of hormonal.
Conclusion: This study demonstrates a high level of knowledge about breast cancer symptoms and BSE among Saudis women
lived in Riyadh, particularly in women with high education levels and high income. On the other hand, there is a need to
encourage women to practice BSE and increase knowledge about benefit of early detection of breast cancer.
Mona Mohammed Almofarej is fourth year medical student at King Saud University in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. I have no publication until now but I have two research one of them in the oncology and the other in dermatology and I wait for publication.