alexa Association Of Cyclopropane Fatty Acid Synthesis With Thermotolerance Of Campylobacter | 21190
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
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3rd International Conference on Clinical Microbiology & Microbial Genomics
September 24-26, 2014 Valencia Convention Centre, Spain

Hamdin A Mohamed, Lisa K Williams and Tristan A Cogan
Accepted Abstracts: Clin Microbial
DOI: 10.4172/2327-5073.S1.016
Abstract
Background: Campylobacteriosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease, with the majority of Campylobacter species isolated from humans originating from animals, particularly poultry which are the main source of Campylobacter spp. Nevertheless, in order to cause disease in humans Campylobacter must survive passage through abattoir processing, where it is exposed to heat and cold stress. Little is known about the mechanism which contributes to the ability of thermophillic Campylobacter species to grow at 42?C or to heat tolerance of the organism during poultry processing (>50?C). Cyclopropane fatty acid constituents of the cell membrane are known to contribute to enhanced stability and integrity under conditions of acidic and thermal stress. The aims of the work were to: Investigate the possession of cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis (indicated by the presence of the cfa gene) in thermotolerant and non-thermotolerant Campylobacter species. Examine SNPs in a key gene in the fatty acid synthesis pathway. Materials and methods: Campylobacter strains for the non-abattoir group were used from the laboratory culture collection. These had been identified using a multiplex PCR. Abattoir strains had been collected from chicken carcasses either before or after exposure to the scald tank in a poultry processing plant. The presence of the cfa gene was determined by PCR on DNA extracted from bacterial cultures using custom-designed primers based on sequences in CampyDB, PCR products were sequenced. To determine maximum growth temperature isolates from before and after exposure to the scald tank were incubated on blood agar at the indicated temperature and growth recorded. Results: The strains of Campylobacter isolated from the abattoir possessed the cyclopropane fatty acid synthesis gene cfa whereas strains in the non-abattoir group did not, suggesting that cfa contributes to the ability of Campylobacter to grow at temperatures above 37?C. Strains of C. jejuni that survived passage through the abattoir scald tank were more likely to be able to grow at elevated temperatures than strains pre-scald. When SNPs were examined, three variants of the cfa gene were seen in isolates pre-scald and only one post scald. The cfa gene is associated with thermophilic Campylobacter and was not found in non-chicken associated strains.
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