Exclusive breastfeeding up to the completion of the sixth month of age with or with out HIV exposure is a national
infant feeding recommendation for Ethiopia. Th
e objective of the study was to collect data on barriers of exclusive breastfeeding
up to six months and to describe the association between mixed feeding and HIV exposure.
A clinic based cross-sectional study was conducted in mothers who had postnatal pediatric ART follow up, Dilla
Hospital, Ethiopia in Sep 2011. HIV infected mother with infants aged 6 to 18 months, attending the clinic were included in
the study. Infants with specifi
c feeding problems were excluded. Cluster sampling technique was used and infants fulfi
inclusion criteria were enrolled. A total of 190 mothers participated in the study. Th
e statistical tests used were survival analysis.
112 mothers had initiated breastfeeding at birth. Br
eastfeeding was reconsidered and initiated early 3
month in 7.7
%(6/78) of those who had chosen formula milk at birth. Th
e median duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 3 months (95%
CI 2.75, 3.25). Th
e rate of exclusive breastfeeding at 6 month was 25.9% (29/112). Bivariate analysis showed that maternal
misunderstanding of infant feeding options (p= 0.005)and being HIV infected mother (p=0.022) were important associations
of early cessation of exclusive breastfeeding.
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