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Biodiversity Ethno Ecological Study Of CPR Institutions Of Fishermen In Coastal Andhra Pradesh: An Anthropological Inquiry | 4572
ISSN: 2157-7625

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Open Access

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Biodiversity ethno ecological study of CPR institutions of fishermen in coastal Andhra Pradesh: An anthropological inquiry

Biodiversity & Sustainable Energy Development-2012

S David Brynerd

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Ecosyst Ecogr

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7625.S1.002

In the wake of Climate change conundrum it is very essential to restore biodiversity of different ecosystems to maintain Natures equilibrium. Several empirical studies especially the studies carried out by prominent anthropologists (Julian Steward, Roy Rapport, Vaydya, Marvin Harris) have recorded and brought out the relation between Man-environment relationships all over the world. Anthropologists have also contributed to conservation elsewhere including the forest and marine ecosystems and in pastoralism and range management (Orlove and Brush 1996). Especially by documenting the Traditional Knowledge Systems of indigenous peoples, the anthropologists have unfurled the significance of Biodiversity embedded in the fragile socio-ecological systems. From the time immemorial, the indigenous people have invented several unique institutions to exploit the resources to ekeout their livelihoods. These institutions have supported the communities and keep supporting the depended communities till today. Especially theses institutions popularly known as CPR institutions have some unwritten principles for Governance of the same optimally in sustainable way. In Coastal Andhra Pradesh two different kinds of Socio-Economic institutions namely Valakatlu and Aayyalu are serving the Fishing community and well studied. However, mechanization of fishing, Aqua farming, deep sea fishing through trawlers have shown some negative impact on the very existence of these institutions but the local fishermen wisdom and the primordial sentiments saving these institutions from fall.In this backdrop, this paper throws light on the significance of these time tested, indigenously created and built institutions for the wellbeing of the Fishermen. Also discusses the wisdom of fishermen in designing the allocation of rights, tenure, territories, rules for operation etc.,. These rules when analyzed critically are verymuch inline with the eight sustainable principles devised by Late Political Economist Elinor Ostrom. While giving emphasis to the restoration of ecological traditional Knowledge, the proposed paper highlights how these institutions are shaping the livelihoods of Fishermen in a sustainable way. Finally this paper links up and relates these institutions and underlying principles to the Restoration of Biodiversity of Aquatic Ecosystems and CPR management.
S David Brynerd is a versatile researcher having research and field experience in the areas of Health, Education, and Women empowerment, Ecology, Poverty and Microfinance besides his core research on ?COMMONS?. An anthropologist by training and Development professional by Profession have had experience of working in National and International Projects deals with Women Empowerment(Velugu Project) and Young Lives: An International Study on Childhood Poverty, Andhra Pradesh Rural Livelihoods Project(APRLP), CARE(APSIP), Health Management Research Institute(HMRI). While keeping his academic vigor also interested in documenting Innovative Practices of Farmers/ entrepreneurs whose innovative ideas have had some impact on the communities. As a research scholar carried out intensive field work among Fishing communities for over a decade and recorded their customs, norms, self-governance patterns, and worldview apart from their Indigenous Knowledge systems. In NIRD he contributed immensely for the successful implementation of Technology Transfer Progarmme (ToT) in all the states of India covering one lakh households. With regard to his writings, he penned a wonderful thesis on:? Ecosystemic Study of a Fishing Community in Andhra Pradesh which is regarded as a masterpiece in the field of Anthropological inquiry. Out of his systematic fieldwork over the years among fishing communities he is submitting his Ph.D to the University of Hydearbad. As an active social worker he participated in several relief camps during floods and cyclones in Andhra Pradesh. Also having links with several NGOs allover India, Mr.David strives to fulfill his dream of bringing accountability and transparency in NGO operations through continuous suggestions and advices to the new and upcoming NGOs
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