Sustainable development requires the development and promotion of environmental management and a constant search for
green technologies to treat a wide range of aquatic and terrestrial habitats contaminated by increasing anthropogenic activities
with the main sources of contaminants being from the chemical industries. Bioremediation is a technique that uses living
organisms to degrade or transform contaminants into their less toxic forms. It is based on the existence of microorganisms with
capacity to enzymatically attack the compounds. The strategies can be applied
, depending on the site in which
they will be applied.
is the treatment done in the site of the contamination and
, refers to the removal of soil or water
to subsequent treatment. There is a wide variety of techniques that has been developed in the past, and some of these techniques
are natural attenuation, bioaugmentation, biostimulation, biosorption, composting and bioleaching. Since bioremediation and
these techniques not only represent an emerging (green) technology but also present a great advantage of being cost effective
when compared to the traditional remediation methods due to the use of indigenous microorganisms with a versatile metabolism.
This entry presents a succinct review of the bioremediation technology in research and application by covering bioleaching,
biosorption, bioaugmentation, biostimulation, bioventing, biofiltration, biostimulation, natural attenuation, biosurfactants,
anaerobic digestion and composting
Ackmez Mudhoo holds a B.Eng. (Hons.) in Chemical and Environmental Engineering and a Master of Philosophy (M.Phil.) degree by Research in
Chemical Engineering from the University of Mauritius. His research interests encompass the bioremediation of solid wastes and wastewaters by
composting and anaerobic digestion. He has more than 40 international journal publications, 7 conference papers and 4 co-edited books to his credit.
He serves as peer reviewer for Waste Management, International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, Journal of Hazardous Materials.
He is presently Lecturer in the Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Mauritius
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