alexa Candiduria In Diabetic Patients In Arar Northern Area, Saudi Arabia
ISSN: 2327-5073

Clinical Microbiology: Open Access
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3rd International Conference on Clinical Microbiology & Microbial Genomics
September 24-26, 2014 Valencia Convention Centre, Spain

Awwad K Alenezy
Accepted Abstracts: Clin Microbial
DOI: 10.4172/2327-5073.S1.016
Abstract
Introduction: Fungal urinary tract infections due to Candida have increased significantly in the last years. Diabetes mellitus is one of the predisposing factors to fungal urinary tract infections, Candida albicans is the most common isolated species, but non Candida albicans also cause fungal UTIs, and in many centers worldwide, non Candida albicans predominate. Aim: To determine the incidence of candiduria in diabetic patients in Arar, northern area of Saudi Arabia. Subjects and methods: Two hundred diabetic patients from primary health care centers were included in the study. Their ages ranged from 16 years to 68 years (mean=43?3.12 years). They were 90 (45%) males, and110 (55%) females. All were subjected to: Full history, thorough clinical examination and investigations routinely done for check up in diabetic patients. The study also included 50 apparently healthy individuals of matched age and sex as control group. Mid stream urine samples were collected from each one in sterile wide mouthed container. Candida was detected and identified by the usual standard mycological methods. Result: It showed that Candida was detected in 12% (24 out of 200) of diabetic patients, compared to 4% (2 out of 50) in control group. The most common isolated strain of Candida was C. albicans (in 41.7%) of cases, followed by C. glabrata (29.2%), and C. tropicalis (16.7%). The study also showed that female sex and blood glucose level are important risk factors for candiduria in diabetic patients. Candiduria is more in diabetic patients with urinary symptoms than in diabetic patients without urinary symptoms. Conclusion: Candiduria is more in diabetic patients than non diabetics. Female sex and high blood glucose level are important risk factors.
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