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In order to fabricate structures for many applications, e.g., nanotechnology, photovoltaic devices, drug delivery, etc., choice
of three-deimsnional (3D) structures is a key issue. Control of dispersion state of nano-particles in (polymeric) matrix, for
example, is an important industrial problem. For more precise structural control, block copolymers (BCP) are often used
because of their variety of periodic morphologies. Combining well-ordered 3D morphologies of BCPs with nano-particles
offers a way for well-controlled spatial arrangement of nano-particle inside materials. Transmission electron microscopy
(TEM), electron tomography (3D TEM) in particular, plays an important role to characterize such nano-structures. In order
for better understanding and precise control of 3D structures, direct observation of ordering processes of nano-structures
during phase transition are essential. Unfortunately, TEM has not been a useful method for such dynamical imaging. One of
the biggest reasons for this is “staining” of (polymeric) samples is almost always necessary for contrast enhancement because
of their weak contrast for electrons. Consequently, the staining “fixed” the nano-structure, which makes it impossible to
perform “in-situ” dynamical observations. Here, we show some preliminary results of direct imaging of nano-structures from
an unstained BCP that have never been observable without staining in the past. This new methodology in electron microscopy
may open up a way of “in-situ” 3D imaging in the near future. In our talk, we will show some examples of structure control of
polymeric materials and their characterization with TEM.
Hiroshi Jinnai has completed his DEng from Kyoto University in 1993. He is a Professor of Tohoku University. He has published more than 200 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an Editorial Board Member of Polymer (Elsevier) and Microscopy (Oxford University Press). He is the Fellow of American Physical Society (APS) since 2011. He is a recipiant of the SPSJ (The Society of Polymer Science, Japan) Wiley Award (2006), Ernst-Ruska-Prize (2007), The Japanese Society of Microscopy Society Award, Setoh Prize (2012) etc. He is the Fellow of American Physical Society (APS) since 2011.