alexa Co-infection Of Schistosoma Haematobium And Plasmodium Falciparum Malaria In Ijaka-Isale Community Of Ogun State, Nigeria
ISSN: 2155-9597

Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology
Open Access

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3rd World Conference on Parasitology & Pathogenesis
July 12-13, 2017 Chicago, USA

Eleng I E, Olajumoke A M, Omotayo S A and Oyetunde T S
University of Calabar, Nigeria
University of Ibadan, Nigeria
Babcock University, Nigeria
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Bacteriol Parasitol
DOI: 10.4172/2155-9597-C1-032
The study evaluates co-infection of Schistosoma haematobium and Plasmodium falciparum in Ijaka-Isale community of Ogun State, Nigeria. Participants were recruited randomly from the public primary school in the study community. Freshly passed mid-day urine samples were collected and blood was drawn from the participants who were qualified for the study according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria used. The blood and urine samples were then transferred to the laboratory for examination of parasites. Questionnaires were also administered to the head of each household in the study community to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices in the management of schistosomiasis and malaria in the study area. Study participants were grouped into three age groups; 6-9 years, 10-13 years and ≥14 years old. Overall prevalence of S. haematobium was 75.1% and overall prevalence for malaria was 78.2%. Infection was more prevalent in the 6-9 years age group; the percentage of prevalence and intensity of infection were higher in females than males. The prevalence of malaria and schistosomiasis co-infection was 57.1% and a significant linear relationship (P<0.05) exist between the gradients of urine biochemical and infection status of the participants, although with a poor fit. Questionnaire results show a significant relationship (P<0.05), among the participant’s knowledge, hygiene and behavioral practices with the acquisition and successful transmission of schistosomiasis and malaria in the study area. There is need for integrated control efforts which consider multiple infections and which are targeted at school-aged children in the study community. This should maximize disease reduction under resource-limited conditions.

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