alexa Coping With Household Food Insecurity During The Lean Season; Strategies Employed By Smallholder Farmers In Navrongo Within The Guinea Savanna Zone Of Ghana
ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

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2nd International Conference on Food Security and Sustainability
June 26-27, 2017 San Diego, USA

Samuel Amakye and Peter Anderson
University of Bergen, Norway
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Food Process Technol
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7110-C1-062
Access to sufficient food in a sustainable way is a fundamental human right that needs to be enjoyed by everyone no matter the age, gender, nationality or religion of the individual. However, it is the right that has constantly been violated. Individual right to food are sometimes curtailed by lack of availability, access and sustainable way. This has been the situation for most smallholder farm households in Navrongo, Ghana. Navrongo is located in the Guinea Savanna zone of Ghana. This zone experience unimodal pattern of rainfall and therefore there is only one planting season. Due to this, households have to depend on their harvest year by year. Smallholder farmers are the major food producers in the country, yet still they are the most vulnerable to food insecurity. Food insecurity exist in most households in the study area throughout the year, however this reaches its peak during the lean season. The lean season in this context refers to the period in between planting and just before harvest. It is the time that smallholder farmer households experience the most difficult period in the year. Households’ food stock gets depleted and also it is the time when food prices reach its maximum. As low income households, the question is, how do they survive during such period? This and many other questions I seek to answer within the theoretical framework of sustainable livelihood approach and the concept of food security. Based on this, qualitative research methods (in-depth interviews, participant observation, focus groups, informal conversation) were used during the data collection. The qualitative research methods were used to be able to unearth the perceptions and the experiences of smallholder farmer households of lean season food insecurity.

Samuel Amakye is currently an MPhil student of Development Geography at University of Bergen, Norway. His interest is in agriculture, food security and food systems. Earlier he has worked as a Research Assistant at Crops Research Institute in Ghana. He has participated in a number of research projects including Feed the Future, funded by Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and also Crops and livestock integration project, funded by AUSAID, all in Ghana as an Enumerator.

Email: [email protected]

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