alexa Crystallite Size, Composition And Structural Feature Correlations And Their Impact On Opto-electronic Properties Of Inorganic Oxides
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
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2nd International Conference and Exhibition on Materials Science and Chemistry
July 13-14, 2017 Berlin, Germany

Manuel Gaudon
University of Bordeaux, France
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022-C1-073
Abstract
From more than a decade, in the Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry of Bordeaux, we have been trying, to elaborate new functional nanomaterials with their optical properties controlled both via the crystalline structural network (solid chemistry approach) and via the crystalline size and shape (material science approach). Especially, nano-powders for pigment applications are concerned. In this talk, the focus is made on the importance of the synthesis route for the obtaining of nano- or submicronic particles: mechanosynthesis, sol gel processes, co-precipitation, spray pyrolysis, Pechini process, polyol synthesis, etc., are briefly described and compared in term of relative cost and drawbacks/benefits. Especially, the influence of the crystalline domain size on the optoelectronic properties of inorganic oxides is discussed from numerous examples: Influence of crystalline size on the structural parameters, on dopant solubility limit as well as on chemical homogeneity (atomic positions and unit-cell dimensions) is illustrated from the study of n-doped ZnO obtained from polyol route; Influence of the crystalline size on the interstitial site symmetry (key factor governing the optical properties) and its consequence on the red chromaticity of hematites; Influence of the crystalline size on cationic distribution inside multisite matrices, especially on the (Co2+, Mn2+) chromophore distribution inside white spinel matrix; Influence on the crystalline size and shape on the phase transition pressure-temperature associated with piezochromic-thermochromic phenomenon in AMoO4 compounds. Finally, it will be shown that nowadays, such materials receive attention due to their potential applications as smart pigments, convivial temperature/pressure indicators, in the areas of safety/security improvements, gadgets, packaging, motorization, autoclaves, shock detection on fragile substrates, etc.
Biography

Manuel Gaudon is an Associate Professor in the University of Bordeaux. He is specialist of inorganic pigments for X-chromic properties (thermochromic, piezochromic and photochromic) with solid-state chemist approach. He has worked on inorganic oxides with various structures as molybdates (AMoO4), hematite (Fe2O3), würtzite (n-doped ZnO), vanadium oxides (V2O3, VO2, V2O5) or aluminate spinels. He has got a wide experience in the management of individual or collaborative projects on infrared-reflector, irreversible thermochromic oxides for temperature detection, shock sensors based on piezochromic transitions of AMoO4 compounds, etc. He has 64 publications in Chem. Matter, Adv. Mater., Inorg. Chem., JSSC, etc., 3 proceedings and 2 book-chapters.

Email: [email protected]

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