alexa Cytological Screening Of Conjunctiva Changes Among Sudanese Patients Attending Ophthalmic Clinic
ISSN: 2157-7099

Journal of Cytology & Histology
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3rd International Conference on Cytopathology & Histopathology
June 21-22, 2017 Philadelphia, USA

Amel Altayeb Ahmed
University of Khartoum, Sudan
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Cytol Histol
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7099-C1-012
Abstract
Introduction: The conjunctiva eye cytology is useful in diagnosis of many ocular diseases by collecting sample using a suitable tool. Objectives: The aim of this study was to screen the conjunctival eye cytology in the population and to describe the cellular pattern in different eye condition to find factors affecting cellular components of the conjunctiva and subsequently the eye health status and to evaluate the usefulness of the conjunctiva eye cytology in the diagnosis of different eye condition. Materials & Methods: It is a descriptive cross-sectional hospital based study, conducted in University of Khartoum, Faculty of Medical Laboratory Sciences in Department of Histopathology and Cytology, to screen conjunctiva cytological changes of ophthalmic clinic patients using swabbing and scrapping cytology for different ocular diseases in period from January 2014 to May 2014. Smears were collected from Abd Alfadeel Centre for Medicine and Eye Surgery, Noor Alauoon Military Eye Hospital, Alneelin University Eye Hospital (College of Optometry) and Maka Charity Foundation for Eye Medicine (Ridhy Division) Ophthalmology Clinic by conjunctiva swabbing and scrapping. 92 patients participated in this study, 56 were females and 36 were males, conjunctiva smears were fixed by 95% alcohol and air then stained by Pap, Giemsa and hematoxylin stains for cytological evaluation. Results: 89.4% of cytological finding among adequate samples showed matching with the clinical ocular diagnosis. Scrapping method had the best role in getting adequate samples (90%), with marked increase of adequacy of sample obtained from elder age patients (34.2% from 41-60 year, 31.5% from 61-80 year) and in cases of infection (48.7%). Bacteria were the major cause of infections (86.2%). Conclusion: Conjunctiva cytology is useful to obtain information about ocular tissue health status and hence, can be a useful complementary diagnostic method in epidemiological surveys of endemic ocular diseases such as trachoma in our population and for further understanding of different diseases spreading manner.
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