Demographic Factors Associated With Primary Health Care Nurses Knowledge About Diabetes | 54200
Journal of Nursing & Care
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Background: Diabetes incidence in Saudi Arabia is among the highest in the world. Given the important role of nurses in diabetes
care, their relevant knowledge is of significance. This study, while assessing the diabetes knowledge of primary care nurses in Saudi
Arabia, also investigated the relationships between demographic variables and knowledge level.
Methods: A sample (N=172) of nurses employed at 35 primary-healthcare centers in the Al-Qasim province, was studied, according
to a quantitative research design. The study used a 23-item purpose-designed diabetes knowledge test (DKT).
Results: The overall mean DKT score was 61%, which was below the required score (70%) to be considered as adequate knowledge.
Those with longer nursing experience, and female nurses, displayed significantly better knowledge in diabetes care compared with
those with fewer years of experience and male nurses, respectively. Expatriate nurses and those who are of non-Arabic ethnicity
scored higher than the Saudi national nurses. In both groups, those with degree level nursing qualification performed significantly
better. However, knowledge varied significantly dependent on country of nurse-training, with Saudi-trained nurses scoring lower
compared to overseas-trained. The length of time since graduation was significant only for the 11–15 year and more than 20 year
groups who had higher DKT scores than the rest.
Conclusion: Diabetes knowledge inadequacy among nurses, in a country of high diabetes prevalence, is alarming, and calls for remedial
actions. Results indicating significant variation in knowledge among demographically distinct groups enable the identification of
groups that should get priority in such remedial, knowledge-enhancing interventions.
Talal Alharbi is a Clinical Specialist Nurse obtained a Bachelor of Nursing degree from the University of Southern Queensland in 2013. Following by Master of Nursing focus on Education from Monash University, Australia in 2015. His experience in diabetes related work was gained while working as a Diabetes Educator at the University Diabetes Centre of King Saud University for 10 years. His research interests are in the field of nursing education.