alexa Design And Development Of Graphene Sand Composite Using Traditional And Advanced Synthesis
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
Open Access

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Joint Conference: International Conference on DIAMOND AND CARBON MATERIALS & GRAPHENE AND SEMICONDUCTORS
July 17-18, 2017 Chicago, USA

Shahid Hussain Abro
Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022-C1-077
Abstract
Graphene sand composite was prepared as part of the final year project through biosynthesized process from the sugar anchoring on sand particles without any binder resulting in a composite, referred to as graphene sand composite (GSC), which is used in water filtration. River sand was firstly treated with 0.1 M nitric acid to remove impurities, washed with deionized water and dried at 100±3°C. 20 gm of sand was added in 1 M sugar solution, magnetically stirred for 5 hours at 85oC and then allowed to get dried. Then the mixture was placed in the crucible and covered with activated charcoal and heat treated in muffle furnace for 6 hours, with specified cycle, subsequently powder was treated with concentrated sulfuric acid and washed with deionized water. Later this powder was dried at 120oC on a hot plate, which resulted in a black powder, known as graphene sand composite. The morphology and composition of the synthesized Graphene Sand Composite (GSC) was investigated by means of X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (FTIR). SEM images show wrinkly edges and this is the characteristic of graphene morphology. Filter of GSC was made and different samples were analyzed by UV-Visible spectroscopy and different tests were taken to analyze drinkability of filtered water.
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