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Does Antileishmanial Glucantime® Causes DNA Damage By Oxidative Stress? | 32032
ISSN: 2161-0495

Journal of Clinical Toxicology
Open Access

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Does antileishmanial glucantime® causes DNA damage by oxidative stress?

4th Global Summit on Toxicology

Silma Regina Ferreira Pereira

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Clin Toxicol

DOI: 10.4172/2161-0495.S1.015

Abstract

Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical infection, and is considered the third most important vector-borne disease. Facing the strong
prevalence among large populations in the world, the World Health Organization recommends treatment based on pentavalent
antimonials as first-choice drugs, such as Glucantime® (meglumine antimoniate). Nevertheless, its structure, mechanisms of action
and mutagenic properties are not fully elucidated. Our group has demonstrated that Glucantime® induces DNA damage in vivo, but
not in vitro. We suggest that this drug is a pro-mutagenic compound that causes damage to DNA after reduction from the pentavalent
antimony (SbV) into the more toxic trivalent antimony (SbIII). Our findings also include isoflavones protective effect, especially
ginistein, a potent antioxidant, reducing Glucantime® genotoxicity. In this sense, we analyzed DNA damage score by COMET assay
using the FPG (formamidopyrimidine DNA – glycosylase) that removes apurinic sites or products as 8OHdG originated by the
guanine oxidation. Our data showed an increase of the damage score when compared to the conventional COMET assay. This
reinforces the hypothesis that oxidative stress is one of the mechanisms of the drug’s action. Our current investigation aims to analyze
the differential expression of genes involved in oxidative stress on infected animals, as well as determine the parasite load in animals
treated with Glucantime® and genistein concomitantly. Therefore, the discovery of this mechanism is important for the development
of therapeutic strategies and new approaches that aim to reduce the side effects of Glucantime® without affecting its efficacy on
leishmaniasis treatment.

Biography

Silma Regina Ferreira Pereira completed her PhD in Biological Sciences (Genetics) from the University of São Paulo, Brazil (2000) and Post-doctoral level at Georgetown
University Medical Center in Washington, D.C., USA (2010). She has experience in Human Genetics, with emphasis in: Molecular cytogenetics, genetics of infectious
diseases and mutagenesis. She coordinates the Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Biology at Federal University of Maranhão (Brazil). She has published more than 25
papers in scientific journals and has been a reviewer in the fields of human genetics, epidemiology and genetic toxicology.

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