alexa Dynamics Of RNA String And HnRNP Compactions
ISSN: 2157-7633

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy
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3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Cell & Gene Therapy
October 27-29, 2014 Embassy Suites Las Vegas, USA

Tae Suk Ro-Choi
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Stem Cell Res Ther
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7633.S1.007
Abstract
The dynamics of RNA transcription involves in protein binding and RNA compaction. Co-transcriptional mechanisms involve with hnRNPs and other processing factors such as capping enzyme, and components of spliceosomal complexes. And transport of the complexes are well established. The hnRNP formations are observed in perichromatin fibrils, perichromatin granules, interchromatin granules and granulses at the nuclear pore. These granulse are ~22-24 nm in diameter and composed of hnRNA and hnRNPs. Larger spliceosomal particles are also observed. In vitro reconstitution of hnRNP revealed the stoichiometry of ~700-800 nucleotide RNA and 48 hnRNPs (A112, A212, B14, B24, C112, and C24). Observation of the reconstituted 40S particles showed a diameter ranging 22-24 nm. The RNA of 700-800s nucleotide may measure 400- 500 nm in length. It is interesting to observe a model, where a simple enclosing accommodation of the RNA length for the circunference of the 40S particle would force to undergo 6-7 times of wrapping around. Therefore, a logical requirment of the particle model would be secondary foldings to satisfy the compact nature of hnRNP particles. It has been known that single stranded RNA tends to make small stem-loop structures and their free energy can be readily evaluated for thermodynamic applications. In order to find a best fitting molding pattern, various model studies were made to evaluate configuration of hnRNPs using 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1αhydroxylase, insulin, FMR1 and ovomucoid transcrips by Q-fold program. The hnRNA folding patterns are uniform in all 4 different hnRNAs as shown in the Table. Tae Suk Ro-Choi, J Stem Cell Res Ther 2014, 4:9 http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2157-7633.S1.007 Initial compaction ratio is 3-9 and 1 stem-loop is formed every 15-18 nucleotides. It is in good agreement with calculated chain of 15-17 nucleotides per hnRNP protein in reconstituted particles.
Biography
Tae Suk Ro-Choi did MD (1962) from Korea University, College of Medicine; MS (1964) from Baylor College of Medicine; PhD (1968) from Baylor College of Medicine; ECFMG (1984), Houston, TX. She is a Professor (2014) Department of Pharmacology, Dong A University College of Medicine.
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