alexa Effect Of Resveratrol And Genistein On Δ6-desaturase Expression And Protein Levels In Rainbow Trout
ISSN: 2155-9546

Journal of Aquaculture Research & Development
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5th Euro Global Summit on Aquaculture & Fisheries
March 30-31, 2017 Madrid, Spain

Claudia Grimm, Stefanie Staats, Gerald Rimbach and Carsten Schulz
Gesellschaft fuer Marine Aquakultur mbH, Germany
University of Kiel, Kiel, Germany
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Aquac Res Development
DOI: 10.4172/2155-9546.C1.014
Abstract
In order to spare natural marine resources, namely fish oil and fish meal, a general trend in aquaculture is the inclusion of alternative plant based products for fish nutrition. Especially fatty acid (FA) composition of plant oils differ substantially from fish oil. To generate more sustainable fish feed but guarantee an end product rich in omega-3 (n-3) FA, the combination of plant oils and phytochemicals in fish feeds is promising and was used in this study. Resveratrol (RV) and genistein (G) are two phytochemicals that, in in vitro experiments, interact with Δ6-desaturase, the key enzyme in FA metabolism, and function as ligand for PPARα, a transcription factor involved in β-oxidation of fatty acids. Rainbow trout (36.35±0.03 g) were fed 9 diets with reduced fish oil levels (F4=4%, F2=2% and F0=0%) and inclusion of either RV (F4+RV, F2+RV and F0+RV) or G (F4+G, F2+G and F0+G) for 8 weeks. Both, RV and G affected FA composition of whole fish. 20:5 n-3 (EPA) and 22:6 n-3 (DHA) were significantly increased whereas 18:2 n-6 (LA) and 18:3 n-3 (ALA) were significantly reduced in fish fed the more vegetable diets F2 and F0 supplemented with RV. At the same time, protein levels of Δ6-desaturase were significantly elevated in livers of fish fed diets supplemented with RV, especially F0+RV. mRNA expression of Δ6-desaturase, PPARα and other target genes were significantly influenced by different fish oil levels but not by addition of RV or G. We were able to show in vivo that RV and G lead to increased Δ6-desaturase enzyme level and further to elevated EPA and DHA levels in the fish. This study shows the potential for using especially RV in aquaculture diets low in fish oil and highlights the molecular mechanisms behind the regulation of FA synthesis under the influence of RV or G.
Biography

Claudia Grimm has background in Biology with a focus on Aquatic Ecology. She is working in the current project in the Field of Fish Nutrition in Aquaculture. She works on classical questions concerning fish nutrition and also up to date trends like the reduction of marine resources in fish feeds. She covers all steps of nutritional research: diet formulation, diet production, feeding trial, sampling, sample preparation and analyses. She investigates molecular mechanisms behind promising approaches as well as the in vivo application. The combination of in vivo and in vitro experiments is of special interest to her.

Email: [email protected]

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