alexa Epidemiology Of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) In Lesotho
ISSN: 2161-105X

Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 

4th International Conference on Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
May 29-31, 2017 Osaka, Japan

Keneuoe H Thinyane and Varsay J L Cooper
National University of Lesotho, Lesotho
MOVALI Clinic, Lesotho
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Pulm Respir Med
DOI: 10.4172/2161-105X-C1-025
Abstract
Statement of the Problem: There is limited information on the burden of chronic respiratory diseases including COPD in resourcelimited settings, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this study was to perform an analysis of the epidemiology of COPD in Lesotho. Methodology: We performed a secondary analysis of existing data from studies conducted in primary healthcare centers and hospitals in Lesotho between 2006 and 2016. Incidence and mortality data were obtained from the Lesotho Ministry of Health and WHO data sets. Findings: Chronic respiratory diseases account for 3-5% of outpatient consultations at public health facilities each year. COPD occurs more frequently in adults aged over 50 years; and more than two thirds of all patients with physician-diagnosed COPD are male. The most common risk factors for COPD are occupational exposure to dusts and chemicals (current or ex-miners), previous tuberculosis and other lung infections and tobacco smoking. COPD ranks among the top 10 leading causes of death in Lesotho with an estimated annual mortality rate of 32.6 per 100,000 people. The epidemiology of COPD in Lesotho is comparable to that in neighboring southern African countries with similar socioeconomic and health characteristics, namely, a significant proportion of the male labor force being employed in the mining sector, a relatively low prevalence of smoking, high TB incidence rates and high HIV prevalence. Conclusion & Significance: COPD causes significant morbidity and mortality among adults in Lesotho. Strategies to reduce the burden of COPD should focus on curtailing occupational exposure and TB prevention.
Biography

Email: [email protected]

image PDF   |   image HTML
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords