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|Voltaire SantAnna, Adriano Brandelli, Ana Paula Folmer Corrêa, Eliane Maria Kolchinski and Elaine Biondo|
|State University of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil|
|ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Food Process Technol|
|Pinhão is a starch-rich seed produced by Araucaria angustifolia. Pinhão seed coat is as a byproduct generated in both households and farms, presenting great potential as source of natural food preservatives. The objective of this study was to evaluate total polyphenol content, antioxidant, antimicrobial and bio-herbicidal properties of the residue. For this aim, pinhão seeds were cooked and peeled, and their coat were dried at 60ºC for 24 h. Dried residue was crushed in industrial blender and sifted. Total polyphenol content and ABTS scavenging activity were evaluated using an aqueous extract from dried residue powder, at a concentration of 10 and 5 gL-1. Pinhão seed coat extracts were also tested against pathogenic bacteria, phytopathogenic fungi and for lettuce seed germination through in vitro tests. The polyphenol analysis revealed that pinhão seed coat extract presents 53.8 mg GAE g-1 and the ABTS scavenging activity was 76.1%. The residue extract caused a decrease in seed germination and reduced the germination seed index when used in concentrations of up to 5gL-1, although it did not interfere the germinated plant root size. Additionally, the pinhão seed coat extract presented antibacterial activity against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria innocua and Staphylococcus aureus, but showed no anti-fungal activity. Thus, aqueous extract of pinhão seed coat can be an interesting alternative to be used as natural antibacterial and herbicide, also representing a way of solid waste management by industries and small farmers.|
Voltaire Sant’Anna has graduated in Food Engineering (Brazil) and PhD in Chemical Engineering (Brazil). He has experience in Food Science and Technology. He has worked on Food Engineering focusing on kinetics of thermal inactivation and reutilization of industrial food residues.
Email: [email protected]
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