alexa Experimental Analysis Of The Sooting Tendency Of Different Oxygenated Molecules Used As Additives In A Diesel Surrogate
ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

2nd World Congress on Petrochemistry and Chemical Engineering
October 27-29, 2014 Embassy Suites Las Vegas, USA

R Lemaire
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Pet Environ Biotechnol
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7463.S1.006
Abstract
Soot particles issued from combustion processes are likely to induce harmful effects on health while contributing to climate change. Diesel engines that are widely used across Europe are particularly suitable to the development of soot particles and are therefore subjected to strict regulations. In recent years, many studies presented insightful observations to improve our knowledge of the soot formation mechanism. In parallel, a growing attention has been paid to oxygenated biofuels that appear as an interesting option to reduce the energetic dependence on petroleum as a fuel source. It has thus been observed that the use of oxygenated biofuels reduces soot emissions. Other researches subsequently showed that this reduction was strongly related to the structure of the oxygenate used. The objective of the present work is to quantify and analyze the potential of soot reduction of several oxygenates used as additives in diesel fuel. More precisely, the impact of the position, the number of oxygen atoms and the type of C-O link (single or double bound) on the production of soot have been studied by mixing up to 75% of an oxygenate (1-butanol, 2-butanol, butanal, butanone or methyl propanoate) in a Diesel surrogate (the "IDEA" mixture composed of 70% n-decane and 30% α-m?thylnaphtalene). Measurements have been carried out using a laboratory-scale test bench allowing the standardization of liquid fuels turbulent spray flames. Mappings of soot volume fractions in the investigated flames have been performed using Laser-Induced Incandescence (LII). Maximum soot volume fractions have then been converted into equivalent Yield Sooting Index to be compared with sooting indicators such as the Threshold Soot Index (TSI) and the Oxygen Extended Sooting Index (OESI). Comparing such experimental measurements with index values tabulated in the literature is likely to help a better understanding of the impact of the structure of oxygenated molecules on their soot suppressing effect.
Biography
Romain Lemaire has completed his PhD at the age of 25 years from Lille University in France. After working as a Process & Development engineer in the chemical industry, he joined Mines Douai (a French engineering school) where he developed an experimental laboratory dedicated to the study of fuel oxidation by laser diagnostics and coal combustion under oxygen enriched environment. He is now co-director of the Industrial Energetic Department in charge of research activities. He has published several papers focusing on fuels and biofuels combustion in reputed journals.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version