The objective of this study was to formulate and evaluate matrix tablets for controlled delivery of dextromethorphan
hydrobromide (DBM) as a model drug. Matrix tablets were prepared by direct compression method using tamarind seed
polysaccharide (TSP) as release retardant material and HPMC K15M and K100M as swelling agents. Prepared matrix tablets
were characterised by FT-IR and DSC. FT-IR and DSC studies showed no chemical interaction between the drug and polymers.
Matrix tablets were optimized on the bases of acceptable tablet properties like hardness, friability, drug content, weight variation,
buoyancy percentage, in vitro and in vivo floatation in rabbits. Among all the formulations, F-IV showed 99.2% release at the
end of 12 hours. The release data was fitted to various mathematical models such as, Higuchi, Korsmeyer-Peppas, First-order
and Zero order to evaluate the release kinetics and mechanism of drug release followed fickian diffusion mechanism. The in vivo
floatation study confirmed that floating matrix tablets could prolong the gastric retention time to more than 12 hours. Results of
the stability studies showed that there were no significant changes in the drug content and physical appearance.
K.Ajith Reddy is a student of JSS College of Pharmacy, JSS University, Mysore, Karnataka, India. He has completed his B.Pharm from JSS College
of Pharmacy, during the year 2011. Presently he is pursuing M.Pharm in Industrial Pharmacy group, Department of Pharmaceutics. His present
interests are in Nanoparticles and Novel Drug Delivery Systems.
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