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|Pralay Gayen and Brian P Chaplin|
|University of Illinois at Chicago, USA|
|ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng|
|The effects of surface fluorination on perchlorate formation rates as well as organic compound oxidation (phenol, terephthalic acid (TA) rates at boron-doped diamond (BDD) film anodes were investigated. Different fluorination methods like electrochemical oxidation of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) solutions, radio frequency plasma with H2/CF4 gas, and silanization with aliphatic (1H, 1H, 2H, 2H perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane) and aromatic triethoxy (pentafluorophenyl) silane) compounds have been used to incorporate fluorinated functional groups on the BDD surface, which was confirmed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The perchlorate formation rate was lowered by only 63.2% for PFOA modified BDD electrode and remained similar for both the plasma fluorinated and aromatic silanized BDD electrodes. However the perchlorate formation rate (<0.12 μmoles m-2 min-1) via chlorate and chloride oxidation was lowered by 99.96% and 99.95%, respectively, for aliphatic silanized electrode. The phenol oxidation rate decreased by 61% and 16.3% (with chloride) and TA oxidation decreased by 55% for the aliphatic silanized electrode. The apparent selectivity of the aliphatic silanized BDD electrode increased by 2.1-fold and 2.2-fold for TA and phenol, respectively whereas it decreased 680-fold for perchlorate formation. Fe(CN)63-/4- and Fe3+/2+ redox couples using cyclic voltammetry indicated that steric hindrance and hydrophobic effects between the fluorinated chains and chlorate ions may be responsible for the very low perchlorate formation on the aliphatic silanized (<0.12 μmoles m-2 min- 1) and PFOA modified electrodes (0.17 μmoles m-2 min-1). The PFOA modified BDD electrode showed a similar perchlorate formation rate after ageing, which confirmed high stability of the PFOA modification. The perchlorate formation rate was below the detection limit (<0.12 μmoles m-2 min-1) for up to 10 consecutive chlorate oxidation experiments and showed almost 90% decrease in perchlorate formation thereafter, which confirmed very high stability of aliphatic silanization under OH- production.|
Pralay Gayen has expertise in the area of Electrochemical Treatment of water and wastewater matrix. His research objective is to develop effective, highly robust and highly selective material to detect antibiotics, degrade different organics and inhibit perchlorate formation in water matrix and these compounds pose serious health hazard. He has been using boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrodes for wastewater treatment as they are efficient at oxidizing recalcitrant organic compounds through electrochemical oxidation. He has also been using differently fluorinated BDD electrodes to prevent perchlorate formation without affecting organic oxidation as perchlorate is carcinogenic and formed through electrochemical oxidation of chloride. He also fabricated a sensor comprising BDD electrodes modified by carbon nanotube and nafion for the electrochemical detection of antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) in water and wastewater matrix as the presence of antibiotics for a long time will cause potential emergence of drug resistant bacteria..
Email: [email protected]
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