alexa Fouling By Proteins During Microfiltration-A Literature Review | 5680
ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

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Fouling by proteins during microfiltration-A literature review

International Conference and Exhibition on Food Processing & Technology

Ch. V. V. Satyanarayana

ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Food Process Technol

DOI: 10.4172/2157-7110.S1.002

Microfiltration (MF) membrane fouling has been a major problem in the process industry. Even though the pore sizes in MF membranes are generally over an order of magnitude larger than the characteristic size of the protein, there is considerable experimental evidence that severe fouling occurs and proteins play a critical role in MF fouling. A number of fouling mechanisms may arise depending upon operational variables, feed and membrane properties. Proteins are complex molecules and a greater understanding of their conformation, stability and interactions in different membrane environments and under conditions of shear is crucial to understand and control fouling in these processes. The literature review reveals that protein adsorption is the first step in the fouling process, although its effect is small on MF membranes. Pore fouling is usually the second step. Pore fouling appears to be dominated by pore plugging most probably at the pore entrance by aggregates that are present in the feed or those produced during processing. Protein to pore size ratio seems to be an important factor determining this step. Surface layer formation or accumulation of protein aggregates on the membrane surface as a third step appears to follow once the MF membrane pores are completely plugged or covered by protein deposition. The surface layer could be in the form of a gel layer, if the protein size is much bigger than the pore size and if there are protein-protein interactions. The situation is exacerbated under high flux conditions apparently due to concentration-induced effects.
Ch.V.V.Satyanarayana obtained PhD in Food Engineering from Massey University, New Zealand. He was a commonwealth Scholar to New Zealand. He is presently Associate Dean at College of Agril. Engineering, Acharya N G Ranga Agril. University, Madakasira Campus in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
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