alexa Frequency Of Foetal Haemoglobin And Haemoglobin Values In Various Haemoglobin Genotypes In Calabar, Nigeria
ISSN: 2155-9864

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

2nd International Conference on Hematology & Blood Disorders
September 29-October 01, 2014 DoubleTree by Hilton Baltimore-BWI Airport, USA

Emmanuel Kufre Uko and M F Useh
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Blood Disorders Transf
DOI: 10.4172/2155-9864.S1.006
Abstract
Objectives: Anaemia is a problem of global public health importance with significant social and economic implications. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the confounding socio-economic factors associated with anaemia among pregnant women in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria. Method: A total of 403 women attending antenatal clinic in Usmanu Danfodiyo University Hospital (UDUTH) in Sokoto metropolis, constituted subjects for this case- control study. Two hundred aged-matched, non-pregnant women were monitored as the controls. EDTA anti-coagulated blood was used for the determination of haematocrit and the haemoglobin concentration using the 3 part differential fully automated Swelab haematology analyzer. Socio-demographic data was obtained by the use of a questionnaire. Result: A total of 403 pregnant women aged 18-44 years with mean age of 32.32?10.60 constituted the subjects in this case- control study while 200 non-pregnant women served as the control. Their mean haematocrits and haemoglobin levels were significantly lower among pregnant subjects (29.63?3.4 and 9.7?1.1) compared to non ? pregnant controls (38.33?5.4 and 12.75?1.8) (p=0.001). Out of the 403 women, 228 (55.6%) had haemoglobin levels less than 10g/dl and therefore were classified as anaemic while 175 (43.4%) were non anaemic. The prevalence of anaemia although marginally higher among pregnant subjects in the 15-19 years age group, there were no statistically significant age ?related differences (p=0.155).The prevalence of anaemia was significantly lower among highly educated subjects compared to less educated subjects (p=0.034). Although the prevalence of anaemia was marginally higher among less-remunerated subjects, this difference was not statistically significant (p=0.678). The prevalence of anaemia was significantly higher among pregnant women in polygamous compared to monogamous relationships (p=0.01).There was no significant difference in the prevalence of anaemia based on religious affiliation of subjects (p=0.836). Anaemia was marginally more prevalent among subjects who got married at <18 years of age compared to those that married at >18 years. This difference however was not statistically significant (p=0.464). Anaemia was more prevalent among multigravidae compared to primigravidae (p=0.04) as well as among pregnant subjects with >24 months inter pregnancy intervals compared to those less than 24 months (p=0.05). Although not statistically significant, the prevalence of anaemia was higher among grand multiparous women compared to multiparous woman and primiparous subjects (p=0.157). Conclusion: This study indicates a high prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria particularly in the second trimester, among younger, grand multiparous, low socioeconomic class and women with shorter inter pregnancy interval. We advocate for targeted iron supplementation for pregnant women in the area to potentially improve their iron status and reduce the incidence of anaemia. Laboratory measures of routine haemoglobin and haematocrit should be included in antenatal care protocol of pregnant women during antenatal visits to facilitate the early diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of pregnant women with anaemia. We recommend the implementation of WHO recommendation that anti- helminthic therapy be provided for pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy to control hookworm infection particularly in areas in which the prevalence of infection is >20?30% and anaemia is prevalent. There is also the need for the promotion of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs), intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp), mass media campaigns peer/ outreach education and life skill programmes to educate women on the advantages of early ANC booking.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemistryjourna[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version