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Fuchs? Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy | 7982
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
Open Access

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Fuchs? endothelial corneal dystrophy

International Conference & Exhibition on Clinical Research Dermatology, Ophthalmology & Cardiology

Alireza Ziaei, Behrooz Azizi and Ula Jurkunas

ScientificTracks Abstracts: JCEO

DOI: 10.4172/2155-9570.S1.01

Abstract
Fuchs? endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) is a significant cause of corneal blindness and a leading cause of corneal transplantation. It affects approximately 4% of the population in the United States over 40 years of age.FECD affects corneal endothelium (CE) which is a monolayer of cells situated in the posterior portion of the cornea; by pumping and barrier functions CE keeps the cornea in a state of relative deturgescene. In FECD,corneal endothelial cells synthesize a thickened Descemet?s membrane with focal excrescences that are composed of aberrant extracellular matrix components that are called guttae. As the numbers of guttae increase, the endothelial cells are lost. The mechanism of corneal endothelial cell loss in FECD is currently not known.Clinically, the disease progresses slowly over a period of 20 or more years from asymptomatic stage, manifested with isolated cornea guttae, to loss of vision due to loss of corneal endothelia l cells. In such advanced disease, the cornea swells and becomes opaque because the remaining low number of endothelial cells is insufficient to keep the cornea dehydrated and clear. The only available treatment for FECD is corneal transplantation surgery. It has been shown by studies in our laboratory that there is an oxidant-antioxidant imbalance seen in FECD as compared to normal corneal endothelium (CE). The studies have shown accumulation of oxidized DNA lesions in FECD as compared to normal CE, co-localization of oxidative DNA damage and apoptosis, and down regulation of Nrf2(NF-E2-related factor 2) which is a major transcription factor responsible for activation of antioxidant genes.These findings suggest that oxidative str ess is potentially a major cause of endothelial cell loss in FECD.
Biography
Dr. Alireza Ziaei received his M.D. degree with high honors from Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.Post doctoral Fell ow at Harvard Medical University, he performs Basic Science Research at Schepens Eye Research Institute in Boston. Dr. Ziaei is member of Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, and International Society for Eye Research. He has received numerous awards and grants including Nati onal Excellent Researchers Award and the Science Excellence Prize during his medical school. Dr. Ziaei?s interest and research focus is on cor neal and ocular surface diseases, mainly on the pathogenesis of Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy.
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