alexa Fuel Cell Versus Battery Electric Vehicles: Global Outlook
ISSN: 2090-4541

Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications
Open Access

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International Conference on Battery and Fuel Cell Technology
December 08-09, 2016 Dubai, UAE

Ankica Dukic and Mihajlo Firak
University of Zagreb, Croatia
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Fundam Renewable Energy App
DOI: 10.4172/2090-4541.C1.024
Abstract
Though development of batteries for battery electric vehicles (BEVs) is in continuous progress, they are still far from required performances such as heavy batteries occupy large space, self-discharge, complex manufacturing, and problem of recycling. Despite the progress of BEVs, travel range is twice lower than with conventional vehicle because of their imperfections in stored electricity. Tesla Model 3 has the range of 380 km with charging time of 40 minutes using the fastest charger. However, it is reasonable in EU to find chargers with 8-9 hours of charging time. On the other side, in fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) the largest amount of energy for drive is stored in hydrogen storage that can be refueled within few minutes. Toyota Mirai has travel range of 560 km. Life cycle of FC stack is 7000-8000 of operating hours that is enough for automotive industry. Predictions of automotive industry are that the directions should go to the both BEVs and FCEVs. Small companies like Tesla Motors are developing just BEV and huge like Toyota and Honda are developing both. The main problem for FCEVs is the lack of hydrogen infrastructure. That is why consortia of world’s car manufacturers, hydrogen companies and state services are creating with common goal of investment in hydrogen infrastructure. It seems that in the future we are going to have all generation of vehicles but however after 2025 it is expected to have decrease of conventional vehicles and increase of electric vehicles either BEVs or FCEVs at the same time.
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