alexa Functional Effects Of TGF-beta1 On Mesenchymal Stem Cell Mobilization In Cockroach Allergen Induced Asthma | 19626
ISSN: 2155-9899

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

3rd International Conference and Exhibition on Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Gao Peisong
ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Clin Cell Immunol
DOI: 10.4172/2155-9899.S1.017
Abstract
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been suggested to participate in immune regulation and airway repair/remodeling. Transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) is critical in the recruitment of stem/progenitor cells for tissue repair, remodeling and cell differentiation. In this study, we sought to investigate the role of TGFβ1 in MSC migration in allergic asthma. We examined nestin expression (a marker for MSCs) and TGFβ1 signaling activation in airways in cockroach allergen (CRE) induced mouse models. Compared with control mice, there were increased nestin+ cells in airways, and higher levels of active TGFβ1 in serum and p-Smad2/3 expression in lungs of CRE-treated mice. Increased activation of TGFβ1 signaling was also found in CRE-treated MSCs. We then assessed MSC migration induced by conditioned medium (ECM) from CRE- challenged human epithelium in air/liquid interface (ALI) culture in Transwell assays. MSC migration was stimulated by ECM, but was significantly inhibited by either TGFβ1 neutralizing antibody or TβR1 inhibitor. Intriguingly, increased migration of MSCs from blood and bone marrow to the airway was also observed after systemic injection of GFP+-MSCs, and from bone marrow of Nes-GFP mice following CRE challenge. Furthermore, TGFβ1 neutralizing antibody inhibited the CRE-induced MSC recruitment, but promoted airway inflammation. Finally, we investigated the role of MSCs in modulating CRE induced T cell response, and found that MSCs significantly inhibited CRE-induced inflammatory cytokine secretion (IL-4, IL13, IL17 and IFN-γ) by CD4+ T cells. These results suggest that TGFβ1 may be a key pro-migratory factor in recruiting MSCs to the airways in mouse models of asthma.
Biography
Peisong Gao, MD, PhD is currently Assistant Professor of Medicine at The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland. He received his MD degree and pulmonary medicine training in The Fourth Military Medical University (FMMU), Xi?an, China. From July 1997 to January 1999, he was a visiting research fellow with Dr. Julian M Hopkin at Osler Chest Unit, Oxford University. He subsequently moved to the University of Wales Swansea with Dr. Hopkin, pursuing a PhD working in molecular genetics of asthma. In 2008, he was promoted to Assistant Professor. He is a member of the Genetics, Molecular Biology and Epidemiology Committee (GMBEC), the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI), and the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI). His research has been greatly recognized by several awards, including the 2004 Research Excellence Award, the 2007 Interest Section Award, and Outstanding Pediatric Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Award from AAAAI
image PDF   |   image HTML
 

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7