alexa Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles Based Colorimetric Sensors For Heavy Metal Ions From Waste Water
ISSN: 2169-0022

Journal of Material Sciences & Engineering
Open Access

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3rd International Conference on Smart Materials & Structures
March 20-22, 2017 Orlando, USA

Palash Mondal and Jeffery L Yarger
Arizona State University, USA
Vivekananda Mahavidyalaya, India
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng
DOI: 10.4172/2169-0022.C1.062
Abstract
Contamination of water by heavy or toxic metal ions can lead to serious environmental and human health problems. There are several toxic metal ions (e.g., mercury, cadmium and lead) can cause serious environmental and human health problems because of their acute and chronic toxicity to biological system. For example, the most common form of mercury in water is mercuric ion (Hg2+) which is widely released to the environment from industrial source, shows high toxicity mainly on renal and nervous systems through the disruption of enzyme activity. On the other hand, Lead ions (Pb2+) released to the environment through dyes, gasoline and batteries and it can cause neurological, cardiovascular and developmental disorders in especially children. Another highly toxic metal ion: Cadmium (Cd2+) found in many end user products such as plastics, batteries, cigarettes and dyes. Therefore, monitoring of toxic metal ions in water (drinking, sea, lake, etc.) is very essential in terms of improving human health and water quality. There are several methods used for heavy or toxic metal ion detection which often based on chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques such as inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS), high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and electrochemistry. These methods are highly sensitive and selective and require high sophisticated instruments, expensive, time-consuming and non-portable. Therefore, low cost, simple, rapid, portable and green methods for metal ion detection are still highly desired. In this regard, colorimetric methods based on functionalized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are convenient and attractive and can satisfactorily meet these demands. Because AuNPs exhibit high extinction coefficients, strongly distance-dependent optical properties and colors arising from AuNPs at nanomolar concentrations allow them to be easily monitored by the naked eye without the aid of any advanced instruments.
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