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|Antonio Almeida1,2, Helder Miguel Fernandes2, Nelson Sousa1,2, Victor Machado Reis1,2, Maria João Monteiro1,2, Vitor Rodrigues1,2 and Romeu Mendes1,3|
|1University of Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Portugal 2CIDESD - Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development, Portugal 3Public Health Unit, ACES Douro I – Marão e Douro Norte, Portugal|
|Posters-Accepted Abstracts: Endocrinol Metab Syndr|
|It is widely accepted that diabetes mellitus due to its related complications causes an important decrease in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). This study aimed to analyze the influence of gender on HRQOL in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). The SF-36v2 questionnaire was administered to 95 individuals with T2D (47 women and 48 men; 66.23 ± 6.34 years old) and comparisons by gender were performed for each SF-36v2 scale (physical functioning, PF; role physical, RP; bodily pain, BP; general health, GH; vitality, VT; social functioning, SF; role emotional, RE; mental health, MH) and summary scales (physical component score, PCS; mental component score, MCS). Significant differences were observed between women and men on the scales PF (65.32 ± 21.35 vs. 78.44 ± 19.92, p = 0.003), BP (58.72 ± 29.65 vs. 75.10 ± 26.35, p = 0.005), VT (57.87 ± 23.56 vs. 70.73 ± 19,24, p = 0.004), SF (79.79 ± 20.61 vs. 88.02 ± 16.50, p = 0.034), RE (75.00 ± 23,18 vs. 85.76 ±18,35, p = 0.014), MH (65.96 ± 23.38 vs. 79.00 ± 14.04, p = 0.001), and summary scales PCS (42.93 ± 9.95 vs. 47.33 ± 9.92, p = 0.034) and MCS (51.19 ± 9.65 vs. 55.03 ± 7.46, p = 0.032). Our results suggest that women with T2D report lower values than men on most of the HRQOL scales and that special attention should be given to these women’s well-being needs.|
Antonio Almeida is an Assistant Lecturer at the Nursing School of Vila Real in the University of Tras-os-Montes e Alto Douro (Portugal) and a researcher in CIDESD – Research Center for Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development. He holds a Master of Science degree in Nursing and he is a PhD candidate in Sports Sciences in the field of physical activity and well-being.
Email: [email protected]
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