General Overview Of The Effect Of FA-CD Composite On Concrete Behaviour | 45671
Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering
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This study looked into the possibility of increasing the utilisation of fly ash (FA) in concrete technology. FA, being an industrial
waste that is in abundance in South Africa and a source of environmental pollution, is presently being used minimally in the
construction industry. The study on its interaction with cyclodextrin (an enzymatic modification of starch) for possible increased usage
in concrete operations was done. Different South African fly ashes were characterised and their compatibility with cyclodextrin to
form a useful composite was studied by XRD, SEM and FT-IR. Composite samples were synthesized following 2 different procedures.
Since, these are novel composites, indicative tests were performed on strength (compressive and split tensile) and durability (oxygen
permeability, sorptivity and porosity) on mortar/concrete made with FA (30% of cement by mass) and fly ash-β-cyclodextrin (FA-
β-CD) composite, that further guided the research. Based on the indicative test results, a possible optimum composite synthesis
method and percentages of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) in the mixtures were identified. These optimal parameters were used to study the
effect of FA, β-CD and (FA-β-CD) composite on cement paste hydration (XRD, SEM and FT-IR), rheology (viscosity and setting
time), concrete strength (compressive and split tensile) and concrete durability (oxygen permeability, sorptivity, porosity and
chloride conductivity). In general, concrete’s hydration products were modified with FA–cyclodextrin composite, which boosted the
performance of FA in concrete. The composite improved FA concrete’s early compressive strength, permeability, sorptivity, porosity
and chloride conductivity.
Ikotun B D is working as a Researcher and Senior Lecturer in Civil Engineering Department at University of South Africa. She completed her DIng (waiting graduation), MSc (Eng) and BEng degrees in Civil Engineering from the University of Johannesburg, University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa and The Federal University of Technology Akure, Nigeria respectively. Her research interests are in concrete mix design, concrete structural and durability properties testing, chemical deterioration of concrete, mechanical testing of concrete, concrete quality optimization techniques and investigation of extenders as they affect mortar and concrete properties. She has authored and co-authored articles in peer-reviewed conference proceedings and reputable journals. She has served as a reviewer for reputable journals and presently supervising Post-graduate students.