Global Environmental Changes And Its Adverse Effects On Human Health: A Sociological Concern | 4562
Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
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When most people think about climate change, they imagine gradual increases in temperature and only marginal changes in
other climatic conditions, continuing indefinitely or even leveling off at some time in the future. Climate change directly
affects five components of the environment: water, air, weather, oceans, and ecosystems with an economy closely tied to its
natural-resource-base and climate-sensitive sectors such as agriculture, water, and forestry. Climate change endangers human
health, affecting all sectors of society, both domestically and globally. The environmental consequences of climate change, both
those already observed and those that are anticipated, such as sea-level rise, changes in precipitation resulting in flooding and
drought, heat waves, more intense hurricanes and storms, and degraded air quality, will affect human health both directly and
indirectly. Addressing the effects of climate change on human health is especially challenging because both the surrounding
environment and the decisions that people make influence health. For example, increases in the frequency and severity of regional
heat waves?likely outcomes of climate change?have the potential to harm a lot of people. Certain adverse health effects can
probably be avoided if decisions made prior to the heat waves result in such things as identification of vulnerable populations
such as children and the elderly and ensured access to preventive measures such as air conditioning. India faces a major threat
because of the projected changes in climate. Crucial sectors in India like agriculture, water resources, health, sanitation, and
rural development are likely to be affected by climate change. India?s large population primarily depends on climate-sensitive
sectors like agriculture and forestry for livelihood. The majority of the vulnerable population of India is poorly equipped to cope
effectively with the adversities of climate change due to low capabilities, weak institutional mechanisms, and lack of access to
R Ravi Kumar has been with the Department of Sociology since 2007. He had submitted his thesis on ?Primary Education in Rural Areas: Problems
and Prospects. A Study of Medak District in Andhra Pradesh?. He is working as Assistant Professor(c) in Nizam College (Osmania University). He
teaches for both Under Graduate (B.A.) and Post Graduate (M.A.) students. He is also a Course coordinator for a Diploma course in ?Criminology
and Correctional administration?. He is also a life member of Andhra Pradesh Sociological Society (APSS). More specifically, his areas of
specialization of teaching and research interests cover Sociology of Education, Industrial sociology, Development studies, Criminology, PRA. He
had actively participating and contributed several papers in International, National Journals and Seminars (Total 25 Papers). He was associated
with several research projects such as ?Socio-Economic survey for Kudgi. Super Thermal Power Project 4000 MW Bijapur District in Karnataka.
NTPC, Secunderabad. (Sep-2009, Oct-2010)?, ?HIV/AIDS Single case study in Hyderabad, A.P.(2004)?, ?Drug Addicts a few selected case studies in
Hyderabad, A.P.(2004)?, ?Socio-Economic conditions of weavers in Pochampally, A.P.(2005)?, ?Socio- Economic conditions of farmers in Antharam
village, Medak Dist, A.P.(2005)?, ?Survey of Literacy among children?s and adults in Sheri Lingampally, Hyderabad, A.P.(2005)?. He is also a Resource
person to teach for both Under Graduate (B.A.) and Post Graduate (M.A.) students in Prof. G. Ram Reddy Distance Education Osmania University.
Having served before at ICFAI University, Hyderabad. He had worked as a Faculty Member in Hyderabad IAS Study Circle, Hyderabad.
He is also ?General Secretary?, for ?Osmania University Teachers? Association Contract (OUTA-C) in Nizam College?. And he is also ?Joint Secretary?,
for ?Universities Teachers Association Contract Andhra Pradesh (UTACAP)?.
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