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|Robert Beckenlechner, Marco Schneider and Karlheinz Pulli|
|University of Stuttgart, Germany
Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Germany
|ScientificTracks Abstracts: J Material Sci Eng|
|The machining of carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) causes high tool wear and thus induced costs. One approach is to use liquid cooling lubricants e.g., Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL), as known from metal cutting. Due to the unlimited types of CFRP and cooling lubricants, chemical interactions between them cannot be excluded. The humidity of cooling lubricants can also affect the mechanical properties of the CRFP, like a softening of the matrix. An additional consequence can be a reduced fiber-matrixadhesion which results in lower fracture toughness. Therefore, this article presents a new MQL technology, which is completely dry. For this purpose, a prototypical fluidization device was constructed. It boosts minimal amounts of graphite powder by using compressed air to the cutting zone between the tool and work piece. Graphite was selected as dry lubricant because of three reasons: First, graphite can be used as a dry lubricant; second, the contamination by graphite powder is not relevant as the dust and chips from the cutting process are extracted by exhaustion anywhere and; third, chemical interactions between the carbon fibers and graphite are not to be expected. By spraying tests with internally cooled drills, it was shown that the current fluidization device is already able to deliver graphite mass flows less than 3 g/h reliably. First drilling tests with internal MQDL-supply have shown a significant reduction in tool wear, compared with cooling by pure compressed air. Finally, a H2O-enrichment device was constructed to extend the fluidization prototype. The aim is to include foreign molecules in the lattice structure of the graphite by using H2O-molecules. As described in literature, the sliding characteristics of graphite are improved by these additional molecules. The H2O-enrichment device is able to achieve almost a 90% relative humidity of the compressed air that is used to transport the graphite.|
Robert Beckenlechner has studied Mechanical Engineering at University of Aalen. He has been working as a Research Fellow in Department for Lightweight Construction Technologies in cooperation with Institute for Machine Tools at University of Stuttgart since 2014. He is investigating new cooling and lubricating technologies for the machining of lightweight materials, especially for fiber reinforced plastics.
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