Groundwater Pollution Management Using Simulation-optimization Models | 23790
Hydrology: Current Research
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In view of the increasing population and uncontrolled pollution worldwide, there is an urgent need to manage and protect
the shrinking groundwater resources efficiently to ensure its sustainable utilization. The occurrences of groundwater
contamination and quality of groundwater have become major issues since the discovery of numerous hazardous waste sites.
The objectives of any groundwater pollution management system are to determine the presence and extent of dissolved or
free-phase contaminants, as well as likely rate and direction of contaminant migration within the groundwater flow system
through simulation models and to remediate the polluted sites with preventive measures with the help of optimization models.
For these studies numerical modeling plays a pivotal role which helps end users/government in evolving useful guidelines
for future planning. This paper gives the bird view of state of art available currently in the field of simulation-optimization
modeling being applied in groundwater pollution management system including different in-situ and onsite remediation
techniques. Special focus is laid upon the application of bioremediation technology. A case study with coupled simulationoptimization
model is also presented depicting the methodology to be applied for a typical problem.
Boddula Swathi is currently pursuing PhD in the field of Numerical Simulation of Groundwater systems from Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. She did her
Masters from Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay and Bachelors from University College of Engineering, Osmania University.
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