This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
Enterococcus faecalis is often isolated from root canals following treatment failure. This study examined the involvement of
glycerol metabolism in its alkaline tolerance and biofilm viability by comparing a mutant (??Ers ???Enterococcal regulator
of survival???), in which Glycerol facilitator membrane protein ???GlpF??? was down-regulated, to the wild type and an Erscomplimented
strain. Growth of E. faecalis JH2-2 in (TSB) without dextrose supplemented with either glucose or glycerol
(0.055 M) adjusted to pH 8 and pH 11 was monitored spectrophotometrically (A600) at 37°C for 28 hours. E. faecalis biofilms
were developed in microtiter plates in similar medium at pH 8 for two days. The medium was renewed with either pH 8 or pH
11 for another two days. The viability of the biofilm was determined by the alamar blue fluorescence assay. In TSB-glucose at
pH 8 there was no difference in growth between the ??Ers mutant and the wild-type. However, at pH 11, the lag phase of ??Ers
was extended by 2 hours. In contrast, in TSB-glycerol media there was slower growth of the ??Ers strain at high pH compared
to the wild type, but no difference at pH 8. TSB with glycerol, at either pH, greatly promoted biofilm viability of the wild-type
compared to glucose, but viability of ??Ers biofilm was reduced when grown in glycerol at either pH. Complementation of the
mutant restored the wild-type biofilm viability. In conclusion, Ers regulator functions in the alkaline tolerance and biofilm
viability of E. faecalis possibly through the down-regulation of GlpF.
Amira Salem is a PhD student and the PhD students representative in Sir John Walsh Research Institute, College of Dentistry, Otago University. She finished her master degree in Endodontics, Conservative Dentistry and Fixed prosthodontics from Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University, Egypt in 2010. She was a former Lecturer of Endodontics in College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia from 2011 till 2015.