alexa Influence Of Natural And Synthetic Immunomodulators On The Effectiveness Of Vaccines In Fish | 20613
ISSN: 2157-7560

Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

4th International Conference on Vaccines & Vaccination

Siwicki Andrzej Krzysztof
Accepted Abstracts: J Vaccines Vaccin
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7560.S1.022
Abstract
T he protection of aquatic animals against diseases by immunization has been an important concept for many years. However, some vaccines when actually applied in aquaculture are not as effective as they should be. Natural and synthetic immunomodulators activate nonspecific defence mechanisms, cell-mediated immunity and specific immune responses in fish. Immunomodulators can be administered before, with, or after vaccines to amplify the specific immune response and protection against diseases in generating elevations of humoral antibody levels and the number of antibody-secreting cells (ASC). Special applications of natural and synthetic immunomodulators include assisting spray, injection and orally to increase the topical uptake of vaccines. In the present study, the influence of two natural (HMB, Leiber-BetaS) and two synthetic (methisoprinol, levamisole) immunomodulators on the cell-mediated and humoral-mediated immune response after immunization of rainbow trout with Yersinia ruckeri and Aeromonas salmonicida vaccines were determined. The immunomodulators were administered orally in pellets before, with, or after the vaccine applied by immersion. ELISPOT and flow cytometry assays were used for the quantification of cell-mediated and humoral-mediated immune response. Also the challenge test was used for study the protection against bacterial pathogens. The percent of mortality after experimental infection were determined. The results showed that natural and synthetic immunomodulators increased the cellular and humoral immune response and protection against diseases, but results is determined by time of application before and after immunization
Biography
Siwicki Andrzej Krzysztof DVM, PhD, DSc is a Head of Department Microbiology and Clinical Immunology on the University in Olsztyn and Head of Department Pathology and Immunology in the National Inland Fisheries Institute in Olsztyn, Poland. He is author or co-author of over 600 publications: About 400 original papers, 12 books and about 200 articles and scientific communications. His fields of interest: comparative clinical and experimental immunology, modulation of defence mechanisms and protection against infectious diseases by natural and synthetic products, develop a new generation of vaccines for animals, restoration of immunity after suppression induced by xenobiotics.
image PDF   |   image HTML
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

+1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7