alexa Influence Of VAM (Vesicular Arbuscular Mycorrhiza) On The Growth Of Soybean Plants And Phytochemical, Antioxidant Activities
ISSN: 2157-7471

Journal of Plant Pathology & Microbiology
Open Access

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2nd International Conference on Plant Science & Physiology
June 26-27, 2017 Bangkok, Thailand

S A Tidke, S Kiran, G Kosturkova and G A Ravishankar
Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, India
Bulgaria Academy of Sciences, Bulgaria
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Plant Pathol Microbiol
DOI: 10.4172/2157-7471-C1-006
Abstract
Soybean (Glycine max.) is a highly valued source of protein and vegetable oil and grown extensively in India and other parts of the world. It is gaining importance as a source of nutraceutical. The objective was to study the influence of VAM on growth, phenolic compound and antioxidant activity to enhance nutraceutical value of soybean. Soybean (Glycine max) seeds, variety JS-335 were germinated in association with VAM fungi G. fasciulatum (GF) and G. mosseae (GM). They were grown in pots containing sand-soil mixture (1:1) with respective VAM inoculants. The controls were devoid of VAM inoculums. Plants were grown for nine weeks with weekly observations and data was recorded with respective fresh weight of each plant, corresponding dry weight; pods weight (fresh and dry weight); and weight of seeds per plants. The control and treated plants also were analyzed for phenolic compound, flavonoids and antioxidant activities. Treatment of VAM (GF and GM) resulted in increasing fresh weight (approximately 2.5 fold) and dry weight of 0.8 to 2.2 folds under VAM treatments. Similar increase in seed weight per plant was obtained under VAM treatment. flavonoid levels, folic acid and phenolic contents were higher in the VAM treatments in comparison to control. Soybean extract showed great ability to scavenge free radicals and inhibited antioxidant activities.
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